Results of the preliminary analysis of Lower Egyptian settlement discovered on the Central Kom in Tell el-Farkha
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Excavations conducted on the Central Kom in Tell el-Farkha in seasons 2008 and 2009 have brought the evidence of part of the oldest settlement structures in this site – there were furrows, postholes and pits, dated at Lower Egyptian culture. After the preliminary analysis of the discovered structures it was possible to distinguish separated settlement zones as well as the sequence of changes in the architecture. The comparison of the data from Tell el-Farkha with the settlements in Palestine showed similarity (rectangular shape of structures, space planning) between settlements of Lower Egyptian culture and those of Chalcolithic Ghassul-Beersheva culture. The complex arrangements of Lower Egyptian structures in Tell el-Farkha suggest a high level of space planning as well as developed social organization and make the long established tendency to contrast egalitarian and simple Lower Egyptian societies with Naqadian culture questionable.
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