Druga polska wyprawa na Spitsbergen (w 1936 roku)
The Second Polish Expedition to Spitsbergen (1936)
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The second Polish expedition to Spitsbergen took place in 1936. It was already the third Polish expedition to the Arctic (previous ones were: Bear Island in 1932-1933, Spitsbergen – Torell Land in 1934). The organizers and participants were: Stefan Bernadzikiewicz (1907-1939) – assistant at the Warsaw Technical University, leader of the 1934 expedition to Spitsbergen, Konstanty Narkiewicz-Jodko (1901-1963) – assistant at the Unit of Physisc of the Warsaw Univeristy, who specialised in stratosphere research, and Stanisław Siedlecki (1912-2002) – geology student at the Warsaw University, participant of both previous Polish polar expeditions. The expedition was supposed to be a kind of reconnaissance with climbing and scientific elements. The route of the expedition ran from the place of landing at the Hornsund fiord coastline (July 7) to the most southward cape of Spitsbergen – Sørneset (July 11). Next the expedition participants moved north across the eastern part of the island. After replenishing food supplies when the expedition was halfway through (August 4-11), its route ran to as far as the most northward Verlegenhuken cape (August 24), and then back to the southern Billenfjord coastline (September 1-5). Climbing and scientific part of the expedition failed. Because of quick march and frequent fogs measurements and topographical sketches were abandoned. Despite the lack of strictly scientific results, the expedition itself had great exploratory importance: for the first time in history, Spitsbergen was hiked across from south to north without the use of dogs.
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