PL EN


Journal
2013 | 21 | 4(84) | 31-50
Article title

O niearbitralnym kryterium posiadania struktury obliczeniowej

Title variants
EN
On a Non-Arbitrary Criterion of Having a Computational Structure
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
In the paper I defend the view that having a computational structure (which I understand as a property enabling the object to realize computations) is an empirically detectable feature of selected objects which is not observer relative. I start by presenting a naive definition of realization of computation and show how it leads to pancomputationalism. Then I test existing strategies of dealing with this unwanted conclusion and show why they are not satisfactory for my aim. The main reason for this is that some of the notions these solutions use (for example notions of “mechanism” and “causality”) can be easily exploited by the skeptic. In the remaining part of the paper I present a candidate for a non-arbitrary criterion of having a computational structure and deal with some obvious objections to it. I propose to treat the mapping of physical states of a given object to an algorithm as a task of translating between two languages used for physical and formal descriptions respectively. The object can be said to contain a computational structure when it is possible to create a closed and effective translation manual between its physical states and states of any possible computation. The translation manual is closed when it either contains every expression of the translated language or rules for obtaining every expression of the translated language. It is effective when it is shorter than the sum of all expressions it helps to translate.
Journal
Year
Volume
21
Issue
Pages
31-50
Physical description
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Łódzki, Instytut Filozofii, ul. Kopcińskiego 16/18, 90-232 Łódź, Poland, pagrab@gmail.com
References
  • Chalmers D. (1996), Does a Rock Implement Every Finite-State Automaton?, „Synthese” 108(3), 309-333.
  • Chalmers D. (2010), Świadomy umysł, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
  • Chrisley L. R. (1994), Why Everything Doesn’t Realize Every Computation?, „Minds and Machines” 4(4), 403-420.
  • Copeland B. J. (1996), What is Computation?, „Synthese” 108(3), 335-359.
  • Craver F. C. (2007), Explaining the Brain. Mechanisms and the Mosaic Unity of Neuroscience, Oxford: Oxford Clarendon Press.
  • Dębowski, J. (2004), Pułapki komputacjonizmu, „Filozofia Nauki” 1(45), 29-50.
  • Fodor A. J. (1975), The Language of Thought, Cambridge (MA): Harvard University Press.
  • Miłkowski M. (2009), O tzw. metaforze komputerowej, „Analiza i Egzystencja” 9, 163-185.
  • Peacocke C. (1999), Computation as Involving Content. A Response to Egan, „Mind and Language” 14(2), 195-202.
  • Piccinini G. (2007), Computational Modelling vs. Computational Explanation. Is Everything a Turing Machine and Does It Matter to the Philosophy of Mind?, „Australasian Journal of Philosophy” 85(1), 93-115.
  • Piccinini G. (2008), Computation without Representation, „Philosophical Studies” 137(2), 205-241.
  • Piccinini G. (2011), Information Processing, Computation, and Cognition, „Journal of Biological Physics” 37(1), 1-38
  • Putnam H. (1979), The Nature of Mental States [w:] Mind, Language and Reality. Philosophical Papers, Volume 2, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 429-440.
  • Putnam H. (1988), Representation and Reality, Cambridge (MA): MIT Press.
  • Searle R. J. (1990), Is the Brain a Digital Computer?, „Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association” 64(3), 21-37.
  • Searle R. J. (1999), Umysł na nowo odkryty, Warszawa: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy.
  • Żegleń U. (2005), System poznawczy jako system reprezentacyjny, „Filozofia Nauki” 4(52), 37-58.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-3d8da958-5465-4747-82fc-02481d834204
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.