2017 | 23 | 47-63
Article title

Lexical Minimum (Re)Defined

Title variants
Languages of publication
By popular definition, lexical minimum is a useful glottodidactic tool representing a selection of vocabulary to be taught at various language proficiency levels. Practically speaking, such minimums take the form of wordlists, extracted on frequency bases and drafted separately for each educational stage. However, the nature of language acquisition as well as the teaching/learning processes call for a much broader view of the lexical minimum, encompassing its primary, and possibly fundamental, meaning as a lexical competence of an individual and a conceptual measure for its expansion and evaluation. It is therefore claimed that the existing concept of lexical minimum as an exclusively didactic tool is outdated and needs redefining. Moreover, the methodology for a lexical minimum compilation should be revised, mainly on account of flawed compilation procedures applied by some authors. Accordingly, the aim of the present paper is to address some of the issues outlined by clarifying the notion of lexical minimum anew, discussing its multifarious characteristics and suggesting some methodological solutions to its construction.
Physical description
  • Alekseev, P.M. (2005), Frequency dictionaries. In: R. Köhler/ G. Altmann/ R.G. Piotrowski (eds.), Quantitative Linguistics. An International Handbook (HSK 27). Berlin/ New York, 312–324.
  • Andrjǔsina N.P./ T.V. Kozlova (2006), Leksičeskij minimum po russkomu jazyku kak inostrannomu. Bazovyĭ urovenʹ. Sankt-Peterburg/ Moskva/ Zlatoust.
  • Bauer M.W./ B. Aarts (2003), Corpus Construction: a Principle for Qualitative Data Collection, In: M.W. Bauer/ G. Gaskell (eds.), Qualitative Researching with Text, Image and Sound. A Practical Handbook. London / New Oaks/ New Delhi.
  • de Beaugrande, R./ W. Dressler (1981), Introduction to Text Linguistics. London/New York.
  • Bergenholtz, H./ S. Tarp (2002), Die modernelexikographische Funktionslehre. Diskussionsbeitrag zu neuen und alte n Paradigmen, die Wörterbücher als Gebrauchsgegenstände verstehen. In: “Lexicographica” 18, 253–263.
  • Biber, D. (1993), Representativeness in Corpus Design. In: “Literary and Linguistic Computing” 8 (4), 243–257.
  • Bowker L./ J. Pearson (2002), Working with Specialized Language. A Practical Guide to Using Corpora. London.
  • Brezina, V./ D. Gablasova (2013), Is There a Core General Vocabulary? Introducing the New General Service List. In: “Applied Linguistics” 2013, 1–23.
  • Chmiel, P. (1982), Minimum leksykalne w nauczaniu języka niemieckiego. Zielona Góra.
  • Fuertes-Olivera, P.A./ S. Tarp (2014), Theory and Practice of Specialised Online Dictionaries. Lexicography versus Terminography. Berlin/ Boston.
  • Granger, S. (2003), Error-Tagged Learner Corpora and CALL: A Promising Synergy. In: “CALICO Journal” 20 (3), 465–480.
  • Grucza, F. (1983), Zagadnienia metalingwistyki. Lingwistyka – jej przedmiot, lingwistyka stosowana. Warszawa.
  • Grucza, F. (1989), Język a kultura, bilingwizm a bikulturyzm: lingwistyczne i glottodydaktyczne aspekty interlingwalnych i interkulturowych różnic oraz zbieżności. In. F. Grucza (ed.), Bilingwizm, bikulturyzm, implikacje glottodydaktyczne. Materiały z XII Sympozjum zorganizowanego przez Instytut Lingwistyki Stosowanej UW, Zaborów, 18-20 września 1986 r. Warszawa, 9–49.
  • Grucza, S. (2004), Dydaktyka translacji. Terminologiczna preparacja dydaktycznych tekstów specjalistycznych. In: J. Lewandowski (ed.), Języki specjalistyczne 4. Leksykografia terminologiczna – teoria i praktyka. Warszawa, 243–267.
  • Hanks, P. (2003), Lexicography. In: R. Mitkov (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Com-putational Linguistics. Oxford, 48–69.
  • Hartmann, R.R.K./ G. James (2002), Dictionary of Lexicography. London/ New York.
  • Jendrych, E. (2013), Przydatność minimum terminologicznego angielskiego języka biznesu w ocenie jego przyszłych użytkowników. In: “Linguodidactica” XVI, 73–93.
  • Kaczmarek, H. (2006), Minimum leksykalne a orientacja komunikacyjna w nauczaniu języka obcego. Kilka uwag na przykładzie niemieckiego jako języka obcego. In: “Prace Naukowe Akademii im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie: Studia Neofilologiczne” T. 5, 27–35.
  • Kilgarriff, A. (1997), Putting frequencies in the dictionary. In: “International Journal of Lexicography”, 10(2), 135–155.
  • Kilgarriff, A./ M. Rundell (2002), Lexical profiling software and its lexicographic applications: A case study. In: “Proceedings from EURALEX 2002”. Copenhagen, 807–811.
  • Kruidenier, J. (2002), Research-Based Principles for Adult Basic Education. Reading Instruction. Washington.
  • Leech, G. (2005), Adding Linguistic Annotation. In: M. Wynne (ed.), Developing Linguistic Corpora: a Guide to Good Practice. Oxford, 17–29.
  • Łukasik, M. (2014), Compiling a Corpus for Terminographic Purposes, In: “Komunikacja Specjalistyczna” 7, 71–83
  • Manning, Ch.D. (2011), Part-of-Speech Tagging from 97% to 100%: Is It Time for Some Linguistics? In: A.F. Gelbukh (ed.), Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing. Berlin/ Heidelberg, 171–189.
  • McEnery, T. (2003), Corpus Linguistics. In: R. Mitkov (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Computational Linguistics. Oxford, 448–463.
  • Rayson, P./ D. Archer/ S. Piao/ T. McEnery, (2004), The UCREL semantic analysis system. In: “Proceedings of the Beyond Named Entity Recognition Semantic Labeling for NLP Tasks Workshop”. Lisbon, 7–12.
  • Ratner, C. (2002), Subjectivity and Objectivity in Qualitative Methodology. In: “Forum: Qualitative Social Research” 3 (3). (URL ,[Accessed 31.01.2017].
  • Slater, J.G. (1999), Russell’s Conception of Philosophy. In: A.D. Irvine (ed.), Bertrand Russell. Critical Assessments. Vol. 3: Language, Knowledge and the World. London/ New York, 1–20.
  • Stubbs, M. (2004), Language Corpora. In: A. Davies/ C. Elder (eds.), The Handbook of Applied Linguistics. Oxford, 106-132.
  • Tarp, S. (2008), Lexicography in the Borderland between Knowledge and NonKnowledge. General Lexicographical Theory with Particular Focus on Learner’s Lexicography. Tübingen.
  • Tarp, S. (2013), Lexicographic functions. In: R.H. Gouws/ U. Heid / W.Schweickard / H.E. Wiegand (eds.), Dictionaries. An International Encyclopediaof Lexicography. Supplementary Volume (HSK 5.4.). Berlin/ Boston, 460-468.
  • Thorndike, E.L. (1921), The Teacher’s Word Book. New York City.
  • Verghese, C.P. (2007), Teaching English As a Second Language. New Dehli.
  • Warchał, M. (2013), Minimum leksykalne w edukacji dzieci - użycie korpusu językowego w nauczaniu interkulturowym. In: A. Žele (ed.), Družbena funkcijskost jezika (vidiki, merila, opredelitve) / The social functionality of language: (aspects, criteria, definitions), 32. Ljubljana, 491–496.
  • West, M. (1953), A General Service List of English Words. London/ New York.
  • Yaroshenko, O.L. (2014), Principles of lexical minimum selection for teaching general technical English to engineering students. In: “Advanced Education” 2, 104–110.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.