ПРОФІЛАКТИКА ВІДХИЛЕНЬ У ПОВЕДІНЦІ МОЛОДШИХ ШКОЛЯРІВ У ПОЗАУРОЧНИЙ ЧАС ЯК СОЦІАЛЬНО-ПЕДАГОГІЧНА ПРОБЛЕМА
Prevention of deviations in the behaviour of junior pupils during extracurricular time as a social-pedagogical problem
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The essence of the notions “deviations in the behaviour”, “deviations”, “prevention”, “prevention of deviations in the behaviour of pupils” has been revealed in the article. The tasks of educational function of deviations prevention in the behavior of the growing generation have been determined. The directions of prevention of deviations in the behaviour of primary school pupils during extracurricular time have been studied, to which belong: teaching the culture of junior pupils’ behaviour as preventive base of preventing negative manifestations in behaviour; creation of the atmosphere in class, which impedes pupils’ deviant behaviour; information-enlightenment work of the primary school teacher with the pupils’ parents. Special attention is paid to the objective analysis by the primary school teacher of the motives of pupils’ deeds, the reasons of their origin and determining the ways of psychological-pedagogical correction as for the behaviour improvement. One of the most effective forms of work with junior schoolchildren was determined the lesson of spirituality. The aim, tasks and the content of special course “Lessons of spirituality” for the primary school pupils have been revealed. To the forms of work at the lessons of spirituality belong: exercises-trainings, conversations, meetings with the school doctor, psychologist, sport events, competitions of pictures, games-trainings, writing compositions,dramatizations, and knight tournaments. Best practices of work in the process of teaching special course have been determined: game situations, collective creative games, drawing signs of “prohibitions” and “permission” of some types of behavior, writingfairy tales. The conditions with the help of which democratic educational environment in the class will impede pupils’ deviant behavior, will assist the development of junior schoolchildren personality, have been cleared out: active attraction of pupils to the activity, interpersonal communication, determining everyone’s participation in common business during the extracurricular time; comfort and openness of the environment; support of the rules; obtaining personal experience (offering the abilities for fitting in the pupils in their choice of moral deeds, making and realization of appropriate decisions). Effective forms, methods and means of extracurricular work with primary school pupils and their parents aimed at preventing children’s deviations have been revealed and determined.
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