Koncepcje reformy systemu wyborczego do Sejmu i Senatu w świetle rozważań ustrojowych obozu sanacyjnego (marzec – wrzesień 1928 r.)
The Concepts of Reforms of Elections to the Sejm and the Senate in the Light of Political Debate within the Sanacja Camp (March–September 1928)
Languages of publication
The debate on rationality of the March Constitution 1921 was an important component of public debate conducted in Poland in the second half of the 1990s. Pilsudski’s supporters considered its systemic solutions as a basic factor of the institutional crisis faced by Poland. Hence, any political activities the Non-Party Bloc for Cooperation with the Government (BBWR), including campaign for elections to the Sejm and Senate of the second term of offi ce were conducted under the slogan of the revision of the basic law. The fi rst initiative in this regard was taken by the Sanacja in May 1928 when Walery Sławek wrote out a survey, the purpose of which was to exchange views within the ruling bloc on basic constitutional issues. Two months later a conference took place for conclusive deliberations. The participants expressed their belief in the need to amend the provisions of the Constitution, including the mechanisms of creation of the Sejm and the Senate. However, each of the groups forming BBWR approached to these issues according to their own, often mutually exclusive, concepts. Efforts by Pilsudski’s supporters in early autumn 1928, also did not lead to a coherent proposal for the revision of the constitution. Divergent results of the constitutional consultation therefore proved that the leadership of BBWR in this period did not have a crystallized vision of the changes in the constitution. It could only indicate their preferred direction for transformation of the legal system.
Publication order reference