Polacy w armii Karola IX w bitwie pod Kircholmem 27 IX 1605 roku
Poles in the army of Charles IX in the battle of Kircholm on 27 September 1605
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The army of Charles IX in the battle of Kircholm of 27 September 1605 included military units from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Hungary, which is confirmed by both Swedish and Polish sources. Thanks to the detailed registers of the Swedish army it is known that three infantry banners (in Polish: chorągiew) participated in the conflicts: two Polish and one Hungarian. They were part of the regiment of Anders Lenartson, which mainly consisted of foreign soldiers from Poland, Hungary, Germany and Scotland. The first two banners were commanded by Pävfel (Paweł) Stilicken (Stigelchen) and Tideman Skrowe (Schro, Schrow); the commander of the third banner was Erwat (Horvath) Michael. During the battle the banners, along with the whole regiment of Anders Lenartson, stood in the central part of the front line. The banners were incorporated into the Swedish army no later than 1604, when they surrendered to the Swedes as garrisons of the fortresses in Livonia.
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