PL EN


2013 | 75 | 1 | 5-35
Article title

Miotły i zamtuzy. Jeszcze raz o „znaczeniach ukrytych” w sztuce holenderskiej XVII w. (malarstwo rodzajowe i kasety perspektywiczne)

Authors
Title variants
EN
Brooms and brothels. One more voice about the issue of ‘disguised symbolism’ in Dutch art of the seventeenth century (genre painting and perspective boxes)
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
In this paper the author pays special attention to brooms, which constantly re-appear in Dutch art of the seventeenth century, and their various meanings (signs of womanhood; paragons of virtue; women’s weapons; moral and, above all, sexual symbols). The author carefully describes problems connected with interpretations of Dutch genre painting and the issue of so-called hidden meanings/ disguised symbolism. The author proposes several new interpretations of paintings (for example the new interpretation of a peepshow by Samuel van Hoogstraten as representing the interior of a brothel) and suggests that the broom can also be understood as the symbol of debauchery (based on Dutch phraseologisms such as de bezem uitsteken and over de bezem getrouwd zijn), hence, not only a symbol concerning moral order, as it had been. The author also discusses two Dutch peepshows from the second half of the seventeenth century as the possible representations of the brothels and shows wide contexts from Dutch genre painting which enable such an interpretation.
Year
Volume
75
Issue
1
Pages
5-35
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków
References
  • Becker Jochen, „Are These Girls Really So Neat? On Kitchen Scenes and Method”, [w:] Art in History. History in Art. Studies in Seventeenth Century Dutch Culture, ed. David Freedberg, Jan De Vries, Chicago 1991.
  • Bedaux Jan-Baptist, The Reality of Symbols: Studies in the Iconology of Netherlandish Art 1400-1800, Den Haag 1990.
  • Białostocki Jan, „Zwykłe naśladowanie natury czy symboliczny obraz świata? Problemy z interpretacją holenderskiego malarstwa XVII wieku [w:] idem, O dawnej sztuce, jej teorii i historii, red. Maria Poprzęcka, Antoni Ziemba, Sergiusz Michalski, Gdańsk 2009.
  • Białostocki Jan, „Zwykłe naśladowanie natury czy symboliczny obraz świata? Problemy z interpretacją holenderskiego malarstwa XVII wieku” (tłum. Grzegorz Przewłocki) [w:] idem, O dawnej sztuce, jej teorii i historii, red. Maria PoprzęckA, Antoni Ziemba, Sergiusz Michalski, Gdańsk 2009.
  • Blankert Albert, „What is Dutch Seventeenth-Century Genre Painting?” [w:] Holländische Genremalerei im 17. Jahrhundert, hrsg. von Henning Bock, Thomas W. Gaehtgens, Berlin 1987.
  • Bomford David, „Perspective, Anamorphosis, and Illusion: Seventeenth-Century Dutch Peep Shows”, [w:] Vermeer Studies, ed. Ivan Gaskell, Michael Jonker (Studies in the History of Art 55), New Haven 1998.
  • Borusowski Piotr, „Podglądając przez dziurkę od klucza: perspectyfkas Leonaerta Bramera. Peeping through the Keyhole: Leonaert Bramer’s Perspectyfkas”, Rocznik Muzeum Narodowego w Warszawie. Nowa seria / Journal of the National Museum in Warsaw. New series 1 (2012).
  • Brown Christopher, „»Tot Lering en Vermaak« at Amsterdam”, The Burlington Magazine Vol. 119, no. 886 (January 1977).
  • Brusati Celeste, Artifice and Illusion: The Art and Writing of Samuel van Hoogstraten, Chicago 1995.
  • De Girolami Cheney Liana, „The Oyster in Dutch Genre Paintings: Moral or Erotic Symbolism”, Artibus et Historiae Vol. 8, No. 15 (1987).
  • De JongH Eddy, „De iconologische benadering van de zeventiende-eeuwse Nederlandse schilderkunst” [w:] De Gouden Eeuw in perspectief. Het beeld van de Nederlandse zeventiende-eeuwse schilderkunst in later tijd, ed. Frans Grijzenhout, Henk Van Veen, Den Haag 1992.
  • De Jongh Eddy, „Real Dutch art and not-so-real Dutch art: some nationalistic views of seventeenth-century Netherlandish painting”, Simiolus Vol. 20, No. 2/3 (1990/1991).
  • De Jongh Eddy, „Realism and Seeming Realism in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Painting”, [w:] Looking at Seventeenth Century Dutch Art: Realism Reconsidered, ed. Wayne Franits, Cambridge 1997.
  • De Jongh Eddy, Erotica in vogelperspectief. De dubbelzinnigheid van een reeks zeventiende-eeuwse genrevoorstellingen, [w:] idem, Kwesties van betekenis. Thema en motief in de Nederlandse schilderkunst van de zeventiende eeuw, Leiden 1995.
  • De Jongh Eddy, Inleiding, [w:] Tot Lering en Vermaak, kat. wyst., Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam 1976.
  • De Vries Lyckle, Verhalen uit kamer, keuken en kroeg. Het Hollandse genre van de 17de eeuw als vertellende schilderkunst, Amsterdam 2005.
  • Demetz Peter, „Defenses of Dutch Painting and the Theory of Realism”, Comparative Literature Vol. 15, No. 2 (1963).
  • Donhauser Peter L., „A Key to Vermeer?”, Artibus et Historiae Vol. 14, No. 27 (1993).
  • Eisler Colin, Meisterwerke in Berlin. Die Gemälde vom Mittelalter zur Moderne, Köln 1996.
  • Ekkart Rudi, komentarz [w:] The Scholarly World of Vermeer, kat. wyst., Huis van het Boek, Museum Meermanno-Westreenianum w Hadze, ed. Ton Brandenbarg, Zwolle 1996.
  • Fock Willemijn C., „Semblance of Reality? The Domestic Interior in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Genre Painting”, [w:] Art & Home. Dutch Interiors in the Age of Rembrandt, ed. Mariët Westermann, Zwolle 2001.
  • Franits Wayne, „The Relationship Between Emblems and Dutch Paintings of the Seventeenth Century”, Studies in the History of Art 22 (1986).
  • Franits Wayne, „Willy Women? On Sexual Imagery In Dutch Art. Of the Seventeenth Century”, [w:] From Revolt to Riches: Culture and History of the Low Countries 1500-1700. International and Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ed. Theo Hermans, Reinier Salverda, London 1993.
  • Goedde Lawrence O., Tempest and Shipwreck in Dutch and Flemish Art: Convention, Rhetoric, and Interpretation, University Park 1989.
  • Hecht Peter, „Dutch Seventeenth-Century Genre Painting: A Reassessment of Some Current Hypotheses”, [w:] Looking at Seventeenth Century Dutch Art: Realism Reconsidered, ed. Wayne Franits, Cambridge 1997.
  • Hecht Peter, „The Debate on Symbol and Meaning in Dutch Seventeenth-Century Art”, Simiolus Vol. 16, No. 2/3 (1986).
  • Joansson Gudlaugsson Sturla, Geraert ter Borch, Den Haag 1959-1960.
  • Koslow Susan, „De Wonderlijke Perspectyfkas: An Aspect of Seventeenth Century Dutch Painting”, Oud Holland 82 (1967).
  • Langemeyer Gerhard, komentarz [w:] Stilleben in Europa, kat. wyst., Westfälisches Landesmuseum w Münster, Münster 1979.
  • Lejman Beata, „»Historie rozmaicie opowiedziane« – niderlandzkie malarstwo rodzajowe i jego erazmiański rodowód”, [w:] Historie rozmaicie opowiedziane. Niderlandzkie malarstwo rodzajowe XVII wieku ze zbiorów Muzeów Narodowych we Wrocławiu, Poznaniu i Szczecinie oraz Muzeum Sztuki w Łodzi, red. Artur Kolbiarz, Beata Lejman, Rafał Makała, Szczecin 2008.
  • Liedtke Walter, „Faith in Perspective: The Dutch Church Interior”, Connoisseur 200 (1976).
  • Mak Geert, Amsterdam. A Brief Life of the City, transl. Philipp Blom, London 1999.
  • Metken Sigrid, „Der Liebe und der Herrschaft Zeichen: von Pantoffeln, Babuschen und schwarzen Strümpfen”, [w:] Innenleben: die Kunst des Interieurs, kat. wyst., Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, hrsg. Sabine Schulze, Ostfildern 1998.
  • Muizelaar Klaske, Phillips Derek, Picturing Men and Women in the Dutch Golden Age. Paintings and People in Historical Perspective, New Haven 2003.
  • Müller-Hofstede Justus, Wort und Bild in der niederländischen Kunst und Literatur des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts, Erftstadt 1984.
  • Renger Konrad, „On the History of Research Concerning the Interpretation of Dutch painting”, [w:] Looking at Seventeenth Century Dutch Art: Realism Reconsidered, ed. Wayne Franits, Cambridge 1997.
  • Renger Konrad, „Zur Forschungsgeschichte der Bilddeutung in der holländischen Malerei”, [w:] Die Sprache der Bilder, kat. wyst., Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum, Brunswick 1978.
  • Salomon Nanette, Shifting Priorities: Gender and Genre in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Painting, Stanford 2004.
  • Schama Simon, „Wives and Wantons: Versions of Womanhood in 17th Century Dutch Art”, The Oxford Art Journal Vol. 3, no 1 (1980).
  • Slive Seymour, „Realism and Symbolism in Seventeenth-Century Dutch Painting”, Daedalus. Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Vol. 91, No. 3 (1962).
  • Sluijter Eric Jan, „Belering en verhulling? Enkele 17de-eeuwse teksten over de schilderkunst en de iconologische benadering van Noordnederlandse schilderijen uit deze periode”, De zeventiende eeuw 1, 1988.
  • Sluijter Eric Jan, „Didactic and Disguised Meanings? Several Seventeenth-Century Texts on Painting and the Iconological Approach to Dutch Paintings of this Period”, [w:] Looking at Seventeenth Century Dutch Art: Realism Reconsidered, ed. Wayne Franits, Cambridge 1997.
  • Sluijter Eric Jan, „Hoe realistisch is de Noordnederlandse schilderkunst van de zeventiende eeuw? De problemen van een vraagstelling”, Leidschrift 6, nr 3 (1990).
  • Sluijter Eric Jan, „Nieuwe kunsthistorische benadering en het veranderende beeld van de zeventiende-eeuwse Nederlandse schilderkunst”, [w:] De Gouden Eeuw in perspectief. Het beeld van de Nederlandse zeventiende-eeuwse schilderkunst in later tijd, ed. Frans Grijzenhout, Henk Van Veen, Den Haag 1992.
  • Smith David R., „Realism and the Boundaries of Genre in Dutch Art”, Art History Vol. 32, No. 1 (2009).
  • Vervoort Renilde w pracy Vrouwen op den besem en derghelijck ghespoock. Pieter Bruegel en de traditie van hekserijvoorstellingen in de Nederlanden tussen 1450 en 1700, Nijmegen 2011.
  • Werche Bettina, komentarz [w:] Leselust: Niederländische Malerei von Rembrandt bis Vermeer, kat. wyst., Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt am Main, hrgs. Sabine Schulze, Ann Jensen Adams, Stuttgart 1993.
  • Yalçin Fatma, Anwesende Abwesenheit. Untersuchungen zur Entwicklungsgeschichte von Bildern mit menschenleeren Räumen, Rückenfiguren und Lauschern im Holland des 17. Jahrhunderts (Kunstwissenschaftliche Studien, 116), München 2004.
  • Ziemba Antoni, Iluzja a realizm. Gra z widzem w sztuce holenderskiej 1580-1660, Warszawa 2005.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-3e6f7853-309b-47bc-a2b1-5d64c1ed3237
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.