PL EN


2016 | 15 | 3 | 40-73
Article title

Przywiązanie w okresie niemowlęcym i stres rodzicielski a problemy emocjonalne i zaburzenia zachowania u dzieci w wieku 3 lat

Content
Title variants
EN
Infant Attachment, Parenting Stress, and Child Emotional and Behavioral Problems at Age 3 Years
Languages of publication
Abstracts
PL
Cel. Analiza wpływu typu przywiązania w okresie niemowlęcym oraz stresu rodzicielskiego na problemy emocjonalne i zaburzenia zachowania u małych dzieci. Plan badania. Badana próba obejmowała 606 diad niemowlę–matka, które wzięły udział w populacyjnym badaniu kohortowym, przeprowadzonym w Holandii. Przywiązanie (więź dziecko–matka) oceniano przy użyciu procedury sytuacji obcej (Strange Situation), gdy dzieci miały 14 miesięcy. Kiedy dzieci osiągnęły wiek 18 miesięcy, zmierzono poziom stresu rodzicielskiego przy użyciu holenderskiej wersji Skali stresu rodzicielskiego (Parenting Stress Index). Wreszcie, gdy dzieci miały 3 lata, ich matki i ojcowie wypełniali Listę zachowań dziecięcych (Child Behavior Checklist). Wyniki. Przywiązanie w okresie niemowlęcym osłabiało wpływ stresu rodzicielskiego na problemy emocjonalne i zaburzenia zachowania u dzieci. Stres rodzicielski był powiązany z wyższym poziomem zachowań agresywnych i zaburzeń uwagi u dzieci z pozabezpiecznym stylem przywiązania, ale nie u tych z bezpiecznym stylem. Ponadto wyższy poziom stresu rodzicielskiego wiązał się z większą liczbą problematycznych zachowań wycofanych u dzieci z pozabezpiecznym stylem przywiązania, zwłaszcza tych z ambiwalentnym stylem i przywiązaniem zdezorganizowanym. Wnioski. U dzieci z pozabezpiecznym stylem wyższy poziom stresu rodzicielskiego jest powiązany z większą częstością występowania problematycznych zachowań wycofanych (zaburzeń internalizacyjnych) oraz zachowań agresywnych i zaburzeń uwagi (zaburzeń eksternalizacyjnych). Bezpieczny styl przywiązania w okresie niemowlęcym jest buforem osłabiającym wpływ stresu rodzicielskiego na problemy emocjonalne i zaburzenia zachowania u dzieci.
EN
Objective. To examine the role of infant attachment classification and parenting stress for toddler emotional and behavior problems. Design. Participants were 606 infant– mother dyads who took part in a population-based cohort study in the Netherlands. Infant–mother attachment classification was assessed using the Strange Situation Procedure when the children were 14 months old. At 18 months, parenting stress was measured with the Dutch version of the Parenting Stress Index. When the children were 3 years old, both mothers and fathers completed the Child Behavior Checklist. Results. Infant attachment moderated the effect of parenting stress on child emotional and behavior problems. Parenting stress was related to more aggression and attention problem behaviors in insecurely attached children, but not in securely attached children. Moreover, higher parenting stress was associated with more withdrawal problem behaviors in insecurely attached children, in particular in insecure-resistant and in disorganized children. Conclusion. In the presence of an insecure attachment relationship, more parenting stress is related to more (internalizing) withdrawal problem behavior and to more (externalizing) aggression and attention problems. Attachment security in infancy buffers the influence of parenting stress on child emotional and behavior problems.
Year
Volume
15
Issue
3
Pages
40-73
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Holandia
  • Leiden University, Leiden, Holandia
  • Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Holandia
  • Leiden University, Leiden, Holandia
  • Erasmus University, Rotterdam, Holandia
  • Leiden University, Leiden, Holandia
  • Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Holandia
author
  • Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Holandia
  • Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Holandia
  • Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Rotterdam, Holandia
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-3e9c7255-a4c0-44ac-bf57-b51a3bfba3c6
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