2010 | LXXXII (82) | 69-80
Article title

Działalność legati iuridici w rzymskiej Brytanii

Title variants
The activity of legati iuridici in Roman Britain
Languages of publication
The legati iuridici were magistrates, which were not often nominated. Emperors used to nominate them only in few provinces e.g. Britain. The sources that survived till modern times certify the names of only five British legati iuridici. First two of them were distinguished lawyers – an advocate Gaius Salvius Liberalis and jurist Lucius Iavolenus Priscus. Three remaining legates were simple clerks without any unusual legal skills. The only aim of the legati iuridici activity was to help the governors in their judicial duties. Despite this, they were subordinate directly to the emperors. They served both in civil and criminal cases. There are only two certain evidences of their judicial activity in Britain. The first one is D. 36.1.48. In that passage Iavolenus Priscus described a court hearing concerning an inheritance law. Another case is preserved in D. 49.15.6. It concerns a financial liability of the state’s treasure. In 1986 British archaeologists found a wooden tablet in London containing a record of plaintiff’s testimony. It is possible that the testimony was given in court presided by the anonymous legati iuridici.
Physical description
  • Berger A., Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law, Philadelphia 1953.
  • Birley A. R., The Roman Government of Britain, Oxford 2005.
  • Birley E., Roman Britain and the Roman Army, Kendal 1953.
  • Birley E., Law in Roman Britain w: Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt, II Principat, Band 13, Berlin – New York 1980, s. 609-625.
  • Bradley K. R., Slavery and Society at Rome, Cambridge 2002.
  • Brewer R. J., The Second Augustan Legion and the Roman Military Machine, Cardiff 2002.
  • Buckland W. W., Roman Law of Slavery, Cambridge 1908.
  • Buckland W. W., McNair A., Roman Law and Common Law: A Comparison in Outline, Cambridge 1952.
  • Cary M., Scullard H. H., Dzieje Rzymu. Tom II, Warszawa 2001.
  • Corbier M., Les circonscriptions judiciaires de l’Italie de Marc-Aurèle à Aurélian, Mélanges de l’Ecole française de Rome. Antiquité 85.2/1973, s. 619-635.
  • De Martino F., Storia della Costituzione Romana IV, Parte Seconda, Napoli 1965.
  • Ferrari G., Iuridici w: Novissimo Digesto Italiano IX, Torino 1963, s. 345-346.
  • Frere S., Britannia, London 1991.
  • Holdsworth W. S., The English Trust. Its Origins and Influence in English Law, Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 4/1923, s. 367-383.
  • Hudson A., Equity & Trusts, London 2003.
  • Johnston D., The Roman Law of Trusts, Oxford 2001.
  • Julian C., Iuridicus w: Le Dictionnarie des Antiquités Grecques et Romaines T. 3 Vol. 1, Paris 1900, s. 715-716.
  • Kodrębski J., Szkoły prawa w Rzymie wczesnego cesarstwa, Łódź 1974.
  • Kupiszewski H., The Iuridicus Alexandreae, The Journal of Juristic Papyrology 7-8/1953-1954, s. 187-204.
  • Levich B., Vespasian, London 1999.
  • Litewski W., Rzymski proces cywilny, Warszawa – Kraków 1988.
  • Litewski W., Słownik encyklopedyczny prawa rzymskiego, Kraków 1998.
  • Litewski W., Rzymski proces karny, Kraków 2003.
  • Liversidge J., Britain in the Roman Empire, London 1968.
  • Longchamps de Bérier F., Warunki, terminy i fideikomis uniwersalny w rzymskim prawie prywatnym, Studia Iuridica 37/1999, s. 95-122.
  • Osuchowski W., Zarys rzymskiego prawa prywatnego, Warszawa 1966.
  • Ozcariz Gil P. , Los iuridici de la provincia Hispania citerior: cuestiones acerca de su origen y naturaleza, Espacio, Tiempo y Forma, Serie II, Historia Antigua 19-20/2006-2007, s. 525-533.
  • Sherman Ch. P.s, Roman Law in the Modern World Vol. 2, New Haven 1922.
  • Tokarczyk R., Komparatystyka prawnicza, Warszawa 2008.
  • Tomlin R. S. O., A Roman writing tablet from the Walbrook, London, Antiquaries Journal (1988), s. 306.
  • Van Caenegem R. C., The English Common Law, a Divergence from the European Pattern, Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis 47/179, s. 1-7.
  • Von Premerstein A., Legatus [w:] Realencyclopadie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft Band XII, 1, Stuttgart 1924, kol. 1149.
  • Wołodkiewicz W. (red.), Prawo rzymskie. Słownik encyklopedyczny, Warszawa 1986.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.