Filozoficzne podstawy kształcenia w przedwojennym Wrocławskim Uniwersytecie Powszechnym (Volkshochschule zu Breslau)
PHILOSOPHICAL FUNDATIONS FOR EDUCATION IN PREWAR FOLK HIGH SCHOOL IN WROCLAW (VOLKSHOCHSCHULE ZU BRESLAU)
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The article presents both the history of the Wrocław Popular University and the teaching methods used there. The Wrocław Popular University was founded in 1919 by a group of people, among whom some professors of philosophy could be found. The curriculum was, first of all, worker- and handworker-directed, and also the unemployed were offered some courses during The Great Depression. After the National Socialists assumed power in Germany, the Wrocław Popular University rearranged its role and, probably in 1933, it ceased to exist. The educational goal of the Wrocław Popular University was human development in many areas of life. It was carried out in the so-called working communities, in which the teachers and their students worked together; also, the students reached knowledge and discovered their own vocation there – and these were the most important methods of teaching based on the Socratic maieutics.
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