Psychologiczne koncepcje doświadczenia religijnego
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Psychological conceptions of a religious experience
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The article presents psychological conceptions of a religious experience. The first part presents three definitions of an experience: 1) the empirical concept of an experience – an experience is a sensual perception and its mental processing; 2) the phenomenological concept of an experience – anything given directly to subconsciousness constitutes the object of an experience; 3) the hermeneutical concept of an experience – an experience is a process, a „movement” of consciousness – which leads to comprehension of something, to a particular insight. The second part of the article presents two conceptions of a religious experience: 1) phenomenological conception of a religious experience; 2) hermeneutical conception of a religious experience. The latter pays particular attention to the dialogic, historical and linguistic character of a religious experience.
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