СТАН ЗДОРОВ’Я УЧНІВ ТА ЇХ МОТИВАЦІЯ ДО ЗАНЯТЬ ФІЗИЧНОЮ КУЛЬТУРОЮ В ШКОЛІ
The state of pupils’ health and their motivation for lessons of physical culture at school.
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Purpose: theoretical analysis of the level of physical health of schoolchildren and their motivation for physical training. Methods: Analysis of literature. Results: in 2013 from 9% to 45% schoolchildren were recognized healthy by the specialists. High and middle level of health have approximately 30% of individuals. They are able to fulfill the established standards of physical culture. The most common diseases of schoolchildren are: diseases of the respiratory system, diseases of the digestive system, and diseases of the eye, diseases of skin and subcutaneous tissue, diseases of the musculoskeletal system, diseases of the endocrine system. The greatest number of days missed due to illness was among the pupils of 6–7 forms. An important means of prevention of pupils’ diseases, strengthening their health, improving their physical fitness is physical activity. The level of physical activity of teenagers in the cities of central and northern regions of Ukraine is low and makes about 30 % of hygienic standards. Seasonal and climatic changes can affect physical activity. Forming a complete motivation to employment by physical exercises is by increasing physical activity. The needs, motives and interests in the field of physical education depend upon age, mental and physical development, temperament, personality. The leading motives of physical education in school are health promotion and the need for movement. In today’s schoolchildren the most interest among the types of physical activity cause sports games. We found conflicting data regarding popularity of different sports games of schoolchildren. Studies on motivation for the study of physical training in winter, we have not identified. The practical significance of the results: obtained data require the efficient use of physical culture. Conclusions: for the improvement of physical health of schoolchildren it is necessary to improve the content of Physical Culture according to the age needs, motives and interests of teenagers. Prospects of further research: to study the level of teenagers’ health and the influence of different types of physical activity to their physical condition.
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