КУЛЬТУРОЛОГІЧНИЙ АСПЕКТ ПРАКТИЧНОЇ ПІДГОТОВКИ МАЙБУТНІХ УЧИТЕЛІВ ОБРАЗОТВОРЧОГО МИСТЕЦТВА
Cultural aspect of future art teachers’ practical training.
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The article deals with cultural oriented practical training of future teachers of fine arts. The content and meaning of ethno-cultural educational and creative practice in the personal formation of students enhance their creativity, shaping the ethno-cultural competence. Ethnographic educational content and creative practices aimed at research and analysis of ancient techniques and materials are used for the manufacture of consumer products, the realization of universal spiritual sense of stability of the ornamental motifs, going from ancient times to modern art. In the process of solving problems of ethnographic educational and creative practice, students study in detail the style and symbolism of decoration, they realize the phenomenon of heredity of separate ornamental motifs that are often found in art of different people and traditional decorative art of our country. Conducting student’s ethnographic research in the field of arts and crafts based on the achievements and values of material and spiritual culture of the Ukrainian people is aimed at national cultural revival of the nation. The task for the students of the third year of teaching and creative practices involved creating souvenirs and jewelry in ethnic style, which requires possession of different artistic techniques and methods of work with various plastic materials and instruments. Using available materials creatively the students reproduced Trypilskiy pattern in modern jewelry. Ethnic jewelry exhibition, which is organized to show at the final conference after practice, reflecting the art of the distant past, originally transformed in students’ works. They include free use of ethnic ornamentation, generalization, conciseness, and easy interpretation semantics of ancient symbols. An important condition of ethnic and cultural education of future teachers of fine arts by means of educational and creative practice is shaping national research foundations, forming a sense of harmonious combination of contemporary works of art with ancient folk art traditions.
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