PL EN


2017 | 103 | 113-132
Article title

Johna Miltona droga ku rewolucyjnej dyktaturze. Część 1

Authors
Content
Title variants
EN
John Milton’s Road to the Revolutionary Dictatorship. Part 1
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
John Milton, angielski poeta, znany przede wszystkim ze swego epickiego poematu Raj utracony był również wielkim politycznym polemistą w czasach religijnych napięć i politycznych wstrząsów. Użył swego pióra dla obrony republikańskich zasad reprezentowanych przez Republikę Angielską. Milton bronił prawa ludu do rozliczania swych władców i w ten sposób pośrednio usankcjonował królobójstwo. Zgodnie z opinią Skinnera, Milton prezentuje czysto neoromański pogląd na wolność jednostki i wolność państw. Dowodził, że jeśli ludzie nie są w stanie sobą rządzić, żyć będą jak niewolnicy podporządkowani woli innych. Monarchia, zatem, była dla Miltona ustrojem zniewolenia. W artykule niniejszym autor argumentuje, że Milton nie był zwolennikiem ustroju mieszanego, tak jak inni republikanie, tacy jak Harrington, Sidney czy Nedham, lecz cenił i akceptował rewolucyjną wojskową dyktaturę dla obrony rewolucji.
EN
John Milton, an English poet best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost, was also a great political polemist of the times of religious flux and political upheaval. He used his pen in defense of the republican principles represented by the Commonwealth of England. Milton advocated the right of the people to hold their rulers to account, and thus implicitly sanctioned the regicide. According to Skinner Milton offers a purely neo-Roman view of freedom and free states. He argues that, unless the people are able to govern themselves, they will live as slaves, under the will of someone else. So, for Milton monarchy is an enslaving form of government. In this Article the Author argues, that Milton was not a partisan of mixed government as other republicans such as Harrington, Sidney and Nedham, but he prised and accepted revolutionary military dictatorship for the defense of revolution.
Year
Volume
103
Pages
113-132
Physical description
Dates
published
2017
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Łódzki, Wydział Prawa i Administracji, Katedra Doktryn Polityczno-Prawnych
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
0081-6841
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-410f5a2b-efab-49be-8299-94bc265e3072
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