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2017 | 4(68) | 69-79

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Criterial evaluation of mother’s attitude style toward a special child.

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The specific of mother’s attitude to child except special natural mechanisms determine the following factors: 1) existential threats of harsh conditions of anomalous child psycho-traumatic situation; 2) significant level of mother-child relationships social conditioning; 3) determining influence of stress-protective adaptive psychological personality features. Under the influence of these factors, the mother’s attitude(MA) style toward a special child takes for a woman overcoming behavior sign, that affects the perception peculiarities and awareness by her of critical threats, coping-strategies choice and modeling (conscious or involuntary) of interaction with the child and others of the certain style. The created questionnaire approbation (that enables to conduct criterial evaluation of mother’s attitude towards a special child) was implemented with 140 women who are raising children with mental and physical development deviations. The proposed by the authors psychodiagnostic methods (MA questionnaire) allow to determine statistically significantly the style of the of mother’s attitude to a child with disabilities: A – Adequate MA style, average values for assessment criterion –106,0±1,8 points; T – troublous MA style, average values – 139,0±2,0 points; B – ambivalent MA style, average values – 170,5±2,2 points; E – emotionally detached MA style, average values – 193,8±2,4 points. It is found out that 48 women (34,3 %) had adequate mother's attitude style; for 36 mothers (25,7 %) MA style was found troublous; 30 women (21,4 %) showed ambivalent MA style; 26 mothers (18.6 %) had an emotionally detached MA style. Rejecting MA style was not found in any woman who had a child with disabilities. The conducted psychodiagnostic research shows that more than 65 % of mothers of children with disabilities have mother’s attitude with emotional support scarcity and child social sanctioning signs. For QMA questionnaire as the general assessment criterion appears discriminative validity, which establishes a certain attitude style of woman-mother to her child with mental and physical development violations. The further study of the motherhood phenomenology from the standpoint of integrative anthropology and psycho-genetics in the concept of the individual-topological features of the woman determining, i.e. their psycho-physiological characteristics and psycho-emotional states should be considered promising. The development of this direction is especially relevant for mothers having children with disabilities in psychophysical development


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