ШЛЯХ ДО УСПІХУ ОСОБИСТОСТІ – ЧЕРЕЗ ПРОБЛЕМНЕ НАВЧАННЯ
The way to person’s success – through problem-based learning.
Languages of publication
In the article the theory of problem-based learning is revealed. This issue highlights the interpretation of scientists that treated problematic understanding of the functioning of the lesson in different ways, and had a direct impact on the problem situation cognitive activity and psychological state of the individual. Problem-based learning provides the opportunity to creative participation of students in the assimilation of new knowledge, the formation of cognitive interests and creative thinking, high degree of learning and motivation of students. The basis for this is a simulation of the creative process through the creation and management of problem situations in finding a solution. Awareness and solution of problem situations are optimal for independent learners, but under the supervision of a teacher in a joint interaction. The positions to identify problematic patterns of approach as the process of learning are analyzed: a new type of learning, teaching method, the principle of learning technology. The specific problem-search methods, including the method of problem exposition, part-search, and research methods in the teaching and learning of students are characterized. To create problem situation the teachers should have necessary knowledge of the types of problem situations and didactic tools. Classification of problem situations is made and their impact on the development of a successful young individual is determined. In particular, there are several ways to create problem situations and determine their types accordingly: the collision of students with life events, facts that require theoretical explanation; organization of practical work of students; prompting students to analyze the phenomena of life, leading them to clash with former general perceptions of life events; the formulation of hypotheses; prompting students to compare, generalize new facts with research tasks. A variety of types of problem issues demonstrates the importance of educational use, causes various ways to create them.Performance Technology of problem-based learning is that it helps to form a harmoniously developed creative personality, able to think logically, systematize and accumulate knowledge, capable of introspection, self-acquired ability to solve problem situations in the classroom to help solve them in independent life.
Publication order reference