PL EN


2020 | 3 | 661-688
Article title

Analiza indywidualnej podatności użytkowników mediów społecznościowych na fake newsy – perspektywa polska

Content
Title variants
EN
Analysis of Individual Susceptibility of Social Media Users to Fake News: Polish Perspective
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Cel i hipoteza: Przedmiotem badań prezentowanych w artykule jest zagadnienie fake newsów oraz wpływ analitycznego myślenia użytkownika, na jego zdolność do rozpoznawania nieprawdziwych informacji. U podstaw tych dociekań leży hipoteza, że wysoki poziom myślenia analitycznego wpływa pozytywnie na umiejętność rozróżniania fake newsów od wiadomości prawdziwych. Metody badań: Metoda sondażu diagnostycznego, zawierającego skalę fake newsów oraz psychologiczny pomiar poziomu analitycznego myślenia. Wyniki i wnioski: Analiza udowadnia, że istnieje zasadniczy związek między poziomem analityczności myślenia a umiejętnością rozpoznawania fałszywych informacji. Ponadto zostały zidentyfikowane pewne grupy szczególnie podatne na fake newsy. Wartość poznawcza artykułu: W artykule przedstawiono medioznawczo-psychologiczną analizę zjawiska fake news w Polsce skupiającą się na podatności użytkowników mediów społecznościowych na fałszywe wiadomości. Jest to pierwsze tego rodzaju interdyscyplinarne badanie przeprowadzone w polskich realiach medialnych.
EN
Scientific objective: The subject of research presented in the paper is the issue of fake news and the impact of the user’s analytical thinking on his / her ability to detect fake news. The hypothesis underlying the research is that a high level of analytical thinking has a positive effect on the ability to distinguish fake from real news. Research methods: The method of diagnostic survey, containing the scale of fake news and psychological measurement of the level of analytical thinking. Results and conclusions: The analysis proves that there is a fundamental relationship between the level of analytical thinking and the accuracy in fake news detection. In addition, some groups that were particularly susceptible to fake news have been identified. Cognitive value: The paper presents a media-psychological analysis of the phenomenon of fake news in Poland, focusing on the susceptibility of social media users to fake news. This is the first interdisciplinary study of this kind conducted in Polish media studies academia.
Year
Issue
3
Pages
661-688
Physical description
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego, Warszawa
  • SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny w Poznaniu
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-41e76145-8017-46ad-ab1a-2ab4f6b17f12
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