2011 | 15 | 65-76
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Tell Abu el-Halyat. The new Naqada III – Old Kingdom (?) site in the northeastern Nile Delta

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The recent research in the northeastern Nile Delta proves that sites situated here played an important role both in the developing contacts between Egypt and Canaan as well as in the processes which led to the formation of the Egyptian state. The new data concerning the early history of the Nile Delta have been obtained recently (since 2008) during the Polish Archaeological Survey in Ash-Sharqiyyah Governorate. Rim fragments belonging to forms dated to Naqada III period occur at five sites. Tell Abu el-Halyat is one of them. It is situated c. 1km to the south of the modern town of Abu el-Shuqûq. The pottery material comprises fragments of bread moulds, flat plates and different types of bowls as well as fragments of jars, among them beer jars. Most of those forms show affinity with pottery found at other Early Dynastic sites. The similarities are visible especially when we make a comparison with the Early Dynastic pottery from Tell el-Farkha and Tell el-Murra. Although most of the pottery is dated to the above-mentioned period, occurrence of several fragments which could belong both to the earlier and later forms may indicate that Protodynastic as well as Old Kingdom (?) periods are also represented at that site.
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  • Jagiellonian University
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