ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКА МОДЕЛЕЙ РЕЛІГІЙНОЇ ОСВІТИ УКРАЇНИ ТА КРАЇН ЄВРОПИ
Characteristics of models of religious education in Ukraine and European countries.
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The article under consideration is about the implementation of religious education in Ukraine and European countries. There are such countries where the majority of the population traditionally profess Catholicism like: Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Poland; Protestantism in Denmark and Norway and Orthodox in Greece, Bulgaria, Romania. In all of these countries the faith is deeply rooted in cultural and everyday life. It is important to notice that in the majority of European countries religious education is part of curriculum in public schools. It has been said that already existing models of religious education in education institutions in Europe reflect on the maximum range of public inquiry which means that they provide an opportunity to build the process of religious education, taking into account the challenges of modern world. Mentioning the Ukrainian society, there is an objective, needed for the organization of the educational process, which would create the proper conditions to implement the religious knowledge to form the experience of spiritual and moral education, to build creative and cultural activities. Basic models of religious education in Ukraine can be defined as historical and culturological, catechetical and theological, moral and ethical. The main argument for implementing religious education and beliefs into the public education is the emphasis on human rights. The European community is convinced that a regular school should be pluralistic and the subjects for study which contain elements of religion can be based on the partnering relationships between confessions, states and churches trough the conversation with parents and students. Talking about Switzerland, the quality of education is high. It is based on multiculturalism and religious tolerance, active participation in international and ecumenical projects as well as the international academic and research networks.
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