PL EN


2016 | Family in the process of changes 2 (5)/2016 | 75-82
Article title

The Specificity Of Oral History Research In The Warmia And Mazury. The Concept Of Interdisciplinary Project

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Until 1945 former East Prussia /Ostpreußen/ was relatively homogenous in terms of culture. Germans, native Mazurians and Warmiaks dominated, Poles lived in the southern part of Warmia and Mazury, the Jewish minority inhabited towns and the Old Believers /‘starovyery’/ lived in the area of the Piska Forest /Puszcza Piska/. The evacuation of German civilians fleeing the advancing Red Army in January 1945 marked the beginning of a post-war expulsion of Germans from East Prussia, which was endorsed at Potsdam Peace Conference in July/August 1945 by the Big Three (Stalin – Churchill – Truman). Those who decided to stay here were soon forced to ‘claim’ their nationality. Polish authorities, just like their German predecessors, were aiming at an ethnic unification of the region. Following some political decisions the majority of the remaining German population were displaced and Warmiaks and Mazurians had to pledge their allegiance: either German or Polish. At the same time Polish settlers began to pour in. By the end of 1948 ca. 330 thousand had come from central Poland and slightly over 115 thousand of so called ‘resettlers’ had arrived from pre-war Eastern Borderlands /Kresy Wschodnie/. In addition, 55 thousand Ukrainians were later relocated to the region under so called ‘Operation Vistula’. Considerably smaller representations of Belorussians, Lithuanians and Romani community members closed the list of new settlers1. Germans had to conceal their national identity.
Keywords
Year
Pages
75-82
Physical description
Dates
online
2016
Contributors
  • University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
References
  • Domagała B., Mniejszość niemiecka na Warmii i Mazurach. Rodowód kulturowy, organizacja, tożsamość, Olsztyn 1996.
  • Domagała B., Ukraińcy na Warmii i Mazurach. Studium procesów asymilacji, Olsztyn 2009.
  • Dziennik Ustaw RP, 2011, nr 172, poz. 1018.
  • Jaroszewicz-Pieresławcew Z., Starowiercy w Polsce i ich księgi, Olsztyn 1995.
  • Lewandowska I., Historie i problemy kobiet na łamach czasopisma Oral History: The Journal of the Oral History Society – przegląd artykułów, „Wrocławski Rocznik Historii Mówionej”, Vol. 3, 2013, pp. 282-290.
  • Lewandowska I., Źródła oralne w warsztacie badawczym historyka dziejów najnowszych i w edukacji historycznej, w: Źródła w edukacji historycznej. III Toruńskie Spotkania Dydaktyczne, ed. S. Roszak, M. Strzelecka, A. Wieczorek, Toruń 2006, pp. 155-161.
  • Murawska H., Przesiedleńcy z Kresów Północno-Wschodnich II Rzeczypospolitej w Olsztyńskiem, Olsztyn 2000.
  • Sakson A., Mazurzy – społeczność pogranicza, Poznań 1990.
  • Sakson A., Stosunki narodowościowe na Warmii i Mazurach 1945-1997, Poznań 1998.
  • Szyfer A., Warmiacy. Studium tożsamości, Poznań 1996.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
2392-3083
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-44f92277-16a1-4990-a4a4-a64945441d82
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