Polityczno-prawne wyzwania wobec funkcjonowania Tuvalu w obliczu klimatycznej deterytorializacji państwa
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Tuvalu is a country located in the western part of the Pacific Ocean, which comprises three reef islands and six atolls spread on 26km2. Tuvalu became fully independent within the Commonwealth in 1978 but it still keeps trying to determine its constitutional and social situation. Life’s challenges are so substantial for 10,500 inhabitants of Tuvalu, the land which is situated only 4.5 m above sea level. Due to climate changes and pollution, the effects of rising sea and hurricanes destroy everyday life and basic local facilities – seawater penetrates into the mainland damaging fragile coastlines, garden production and buildings. Local economy is poor as well – it is based on migration from the external islands to the center and from the center beyond the state’s borders, remittances from citizens who work abroad, international aid and bureaucracy – the public sector creates the most job posts and, as the only employer, pays regular salary. The main revenue comes from selling the right to the Internet domain ‘.tv’ and stamps’ and coins’ issue. What is more, fish stocks on Tuvalu’s islands starts to disappear so islanders are turning to the outside world to survive. It is possible that one day, they will have to abandon their backgrounds and look for new lives somewhere overseas. Climatic disasters make Tuvalu trying to mark its presence on the international political forums. Is their voice heard on international arena? What will be the future for Tuvalu as a political entity? In a short time, Tuvalu may run out of its territorial and human factors – mandatory features for keeping state’s organization. Tuvaluans struggle with nature, law, economy, reality, desires and mental state – will they succeed?
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