Zarys działań oddziału partyzanckiego Ryszarda Kraszka "Pirata" w 1945 r.
The outline of the activity of Ryszard “The Pirate” Kraszek’s guerilla group in 1945
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In the spring of 1945, owing to the increasing activity of Ukrainian nationalists in south-eastern Poland, a lot of self-defense groups started to appear, and in many cases guerilla groups, whose main purpose was not fighting with the new authorities but protecting local people from the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. The groups, on account of their make-up and their previous conspiracy connections were mostly negative about the Communist authorities and the presence of the Red Army. Nevertheless, due to the ongoing hostilities Polish guerilla groups avoided direct clashes with the Red Army, limiting themselves to actions aimed at protecting the members of the underground independence movement, releasing prisoners and eliminating the functionaries who were particularly involved in exposing and fighting the Polish underground. The purpose of the article is filling a gap in the historiography of the underground independence and national movement in the Przemyśl powiat in the first half of 1945, presenting one such group which was formed at the end of winter 1945 and operated for several months, mainly in the area of Bircza.
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