Ślady wczesnośredniowiecznego osadnictwa na dawnej wyspie jeziornej w Bienicach, gm. Dobra, stanowisko 17
Traces of early medieval settlement on a former lake island in Bienice, Dobra commune, site 17
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In the 1860s unidentified wooden structures were observed around the peninsula called ‘Heron’s Neck’, which were relics of an alleged stilt village built on both sides of the peninsula and the supposed remains of the bridge crossing from the peninsula to the former island. Both the relics of old structures and the former island (site 17) should be considered in the context of the early medieval settlement complex in Dobra, located on a nearby peninsula. In 2017 on the initiative of the Institute of Archaeology of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, archaeological research was carried out in Bienice at site 17. The field research was undertaken as part of the NPRH project „ A man on the border…” The site in Bienice has not yet been entered in the conservation register. During the conducted research, both stratigraphic levels and source material from the early Middle Ages were documented. The movable materials included sherds of partially slow wheel-thrown pottery (28 fragments of vessels) with simple shapes and rims referring to vessels of type C/Feldberg or D/Menkendorf and sherds of fully slow wheel-thrown vessels (5 fragments of vessels). The potter analysed can be dated at least to the 10th century. The island in Bienice is a little hill, which in the early Middle Ages was probably a point distinguished from the neighbourhood, surrounded by forest and lake waters. A wooden bridge led to it from the peninsula, the relics of which have not been preserved to this day. The Island, located in a hidden and inaccessible place for the local community, could be a retreat of mythical and sacred significance.
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