JAKIE KOŚCIOŁY TU I TERAZ. O ARCHITEKTURZE I SZTUCE SAKRALNEJ
WHAT SORT OF CHURCHES HERE AND NOW. ON SACRAL ARCHITECTURE AND ART
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One of the events accompanying SACROEXPO, the sacral art fair held in Kielce, was a conference on sacral architecture and art entitled “What Churches Here and Now”. The inauguration paper, read by Cardinal Józef Glemp, dealt with the church of Divine Providence. Envisaged as a votum for the enactment of the Third May Constitution and a symbol of the moral revival of the nation, this project waited for more than 200 years for its implementation. Today, the church is being raised in Wilanów according to a project by Wojciech and Lech Szymborski. The plan of the Greek cross and the solid with four pylons and a dome refer to the original conception proposed by Jakub Kubicki. The papers presented at the conference focused on the theory and praxis of sacral art in Poland. Architect Paweł Korzewski sought the spiritual sources for the construction of a contemporary church in the Bible and papal teaching. He conceives a church as the place of a community of God and men, and as an edifice “with open doors”. In Poland, which for centuries continues to remain along the borderline of culture, this conception has already been realised. Dr. Paweł Uścinowicz discussed churches which link elements of eastern and western art – from the past (the Gothic chapel in Lublin Castle) and present-day examples (the frescoes by Jerzy Nowosielski in Catholic churches in Tychy and Wesoła). Practical care for sacral objects was broached by Stefania Adamczyk in a paper on the use of auxiliary funds obtained from the European Union. Rev. Erwin Mateja described a successful conservation of the palace in Kamień Śląski with a chapelsanctuary of St. Hyacinthus. Other participants of the conference stressed the need for care for the form of the contemporary church. It should take into consideration the sacrum and, at the same time, national, ethnic and cultural criteria as well as the time and space in which it is created. An essential role is played also by suitably arranged and distinguished space around the sacral object. In turn, the surrounding of a historical church constituted the theme of a paper presented by Dr. Magdalena Swaryczewska, who discussed natural elements as an integral part of holy places and postulated their protection against the infrastructure (parking lots, shops, hotels, restaurants, toilets). The conference ended with a survey of fifty years of the accomplishments of architect Antoni Mazur.
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