Policies for promoting diaspora investment in countries of origin
Strategije promoviranja ulaganja dijaspore u njihove zemlje porijekla
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Investments from the diaspora and transnational entrepreneurship represent significant areas for potential contribution to national development. Due to the fact that diaspora members have the ability to connect with a wide range of potential partners and supporters in both their countries of origin and countries of residence, and thus create opportunities for investment, trade and outsourcing, developing countries which seek human and financial capital should put more focus on facilitation and promotion measures for collaboration with the diaspora. The main aim of this paper is to define and discuss most commonly used policy measures for promoting diaspora investments and transnational entrepreneurship in developing countries and giving recommendations for diaspora engagement. The analysis indicates that policy measures and the degree to which countries have begun to engage their diaspora vary, while most of them still miss an adequate institutional framework for promoting transnational networks which can be an important channel for fostering business development, job creation and innovation.
Ulaganja dijaspore i transnacionalno poduzetništvo predstavljaju značajna područja potencijalnog doprinosa nacionalnom razvoju. S obzirom na činjenicu da dijaspora ima više mogućnosti povezivanja sa širokim spektrom potencijalnih partnera, kako u svojim zemljama podrijetla, tako i u zemljama imigracije te time i stvaranja prilika za ulaganja, trgovinu i outsourcing, zemlje u razvoju kojima nedostaje ljudskog i financijskog kapitala trebale bi se više usmjeriti na projekte i mjere poticanja suradnje s dijasporom. Glavni cilj ovog rada je definirati i raspraviti glavne i najčešće korištene mjere politika za poticanje ulaganja dijaspore i transnacionalnog poduzetništva u zemljama u razvoju sa svrhom davanja preporuka za uključivanje dijaspore. Provedena je analiza ukazala da su mjere poticanja i stupanj uključivanja dijaspore različiti među zemljama, a u većini njih i dalje nedostaje odgovarajući institucionalni okvir za promicanje transnacionalnih mreža koje mogu biti važan kanal razvoja poduzetništva, radnih mjesta i inovacija.
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