LATVIJAS TERITORIJAS ATTĪSTĪTĪBAS NOVĒRTĒŠANAS METODOLOĢISKIE IZAICINĀJUMI PASAULES PRAKSES KONTEKSTĀ
Methodological Challenges in Measuring the State of Development of Latvian Territory in the Context of World Practice
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In this article, the author summarises and systematises official and alternative methodology as well as indices used in Latvia for evaluating the level of territorial development, in order to form a basis for further work in this direction, studying the methodological basis of indices used hitherto. This analysis has been implemented in the context of the global practice, by taking into consideration the studies carried out, published reports and surveys in the field of evaluating territorial state of development with the aim to define the developed territory and to find out what assessment tools are being used in contemporary research practice. The aim of this article is to provide the author’s newly-created and scientifically grounded methodological model for measuring territorial state of development of Latvia that would correspond to modern theoretical works and research trends in the world, namely, to the use of objective and subjective indices. The author concludes that Latvia for a relatively long-term period has been falling behind the world’s advanced experience in the field of measuring of territorial state of development, id est the evolution of Latvian assessment tools for measuring of territorial state of development has stopped on the 2nd stage, when only objective economic and social indicators are analysed, ignoring the subjective evaluation of inhabitants in relation to life in the particular territory, the importance of which is discussed in the research performed in the world and also in Latvia. Fundamentally significant moment in the methodology for measuring territorial development is the differentiation of the concepts “development” and “state of development”. The author of the research reckons that territorial development as a process outcome methodologically is defined in terms of the territorial state of development, therefore the author in her research focuses attention directly on the measurable result of territorial development – territorial state of development. In this case, the territorial state of development is understood as the state of development of inhabitants (nation). Indices of state of development of any territory are indices of people’s living conditions, which can be both objective and subjective. Based on the theoretical works related to the developmental economics and world scientific practice in the corresponding field, the author of the research suggests grounding the evaluation of territorial state of development on the newly-created methodological model, the indicators of which are focused directly on People’s existence and the evaluation of the level of their objective and subjective well-being in the particular territory: changes in the number of population, people’s material welfare, people’s health, education and spirituality (happiness) as well as people’s satisfaction with life.
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