The Hungarian-Italian Support of the Croatian Separatism between 1928 and 1934
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In my essay I present the Hungarian-Italian collaboration in the support of the Croatian Separatism between 1929 and 1934. The Croats – although there were ethnic contrasts between the Croatians and the Serbs just after the creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes – began to organize their separatist movement after the assassination of the Croatian Peasant Party’s leader, Stjepan Radić in 1928. Both Hungary and Italy searched for the relations with the Croatian separatists because the causal dissolution of the Yugoslav State could help mainly Italy, but also Hungary, to reach their political ambitions. In 1929 the Ustasha movement was founded with the leadership of Ante Pavelić, and the separatism began to be radicalized. In 1932 Benito Mussolini and Gyula Gömbös agreed to give a greater support to the Ustasha, and camps were created for the Croatian refugees. The result of this support was that Hngary and Italy were blamed with the organization of the assassination of the Yugoslav King Alexander I in Marseille, on 9 October 1934.
- University of Pécs, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Modern History, H-7624, Pécs, Rókus u. 2., Pécs, Hungary, email@example.com
- “La Sapienza” University of Rome, Faculty of Political Sciences, Department of History, Cultures and Religions, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Roma, Italy
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