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2020 | 9 | 1 | 33-62
Article title

Primo Cadit in Intellectu Ens: Gilson, Maritain, and Aquinas on Knowing Being

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The author compares the views of Étienne Gilson, Jacques Maritain, and Thomas Aquinas on the order in our knowledge of being. While Gilson and Maritain maintain that esse and the actus essendi are what are first known, Aquinas maintains consistently that it is the existent thing or the ens itself that is first known. The paper proceeds by first laying out the positions of Gilson and Maritain as evidenced in their respective works Being and Some Philosophers and Existence and the Existent. Then, it manifests what in their positions is correct and in what they err. And finally, it argues that ens is the first thing known by appealing to the proper object of the intellect, the order between the acts of the intellect, and the intellect’s mode of procedure. In the course of these arguments, the primary authoritative sources used are the works of Aquinas.
Year
Volume
9
Issue
1
Pages
33-62
Physical description
Dates
published
2020-03-30
Contributors
  • Pontifical Faculty of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, D.C., USA
References
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Commentarium in Boetium de Trinitate. Typographia Pontificia Petri Marietti, 1898.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. De Fallaciis. Opera Omnia Iussa Impensaque Leonis XIII P. M. edita XLIII. Romae: Editori di San Tommaso, 1976.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Expositio Libri Posteriorum. Opera Omnia Iussa Impensaque Leonis XIII P. M. edita I. Romae: Polyglotta, 1882.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. In Metaphysicam Aristotelis Commentaria. Taurini: Marietti, 1820.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. In Primum Librum Sententiarum, edited by Petrus Mandonnet. Paris: Lethielleux, 1929.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Quaestiones Disputatae De Potentia, edited by P. Bazzi. Taurini-Romae: Marietti, 1953.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Quaestiones De Quolibet. Vol. 2. Opera Omnia Iussa Impensaque Leonis XIII P. M. edita XXV. Roma: Commissio Leonina, 1996.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Sentencia Libri De Anima Aristotelis. Opera Omnia Iussa Impensaque Leonis XIII P. M. edita XLV. Roma: Commissio Leonina, 1984.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Summa Contra Gentiles Liber Primus. Opera Omnia Iussa Impensaque Leonis XIII P. M. edita XIII. Romae: Riccardi Garroni, 1918.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Summa Contra Gentiles Liber Secundus. Opera Omnia Iussa Impensaque Leonis XIII P. M. edita XIII. Romae: Riccardi Garroni, 1918.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Summa Theologiae Pars Prima. Opera Omnia Iussa Impensaque Leonis XIII P. M. edita IV. Romae: Polyglotta, 1888.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Summa Theologiae Pars Prima Secundae. Opera Omnia Iussa Impensaque Leonis XIII P. M. edita VI. Romae: Polyglotta, 1891.
  • Aquinas, Saint Thomas. Super Boetium De Trinitate. Opera Omnia Iussa Impensaque Leonis XIII P. M. edita L. Roma: Commissio Leonina, 1992.
  • Aristotle. The Categories. Translated by J. L. Ackrill. Oxford: OCT, 1956.
  • Berquist, Duane H. “The School of Aristotle: Logic: 01-The-First-Act: Post-Predicaments: 03-Before Ch. 12.” Available online at: https://www.at-studies.com/welcome/texts-and-recordings/duane-berquist/school-aristotle/logic2/. Accessed July 10, 2019.
  • Dewan, Lawrence. “Étienne Gilson and the Actus Essendi.” Études maritainiennes/Maritain Studies 15 (1999): 70–96.
  • Gilson, Étienne. Being and Some Philosophers. Toronto: PIMS, 1952.
  • Knasas, John F. X. “Gilson vs. Maritain: The Start of Thomistic Metaphysics.” In American Maritain Association: Proceedings of the 1990 Annual Meeting, edited by Deal W. Hudson and Dennis Wm. Moran, 169–183. New York: Notre Dame Publishers, 1990.
  • Kemple, Brian. “Evaluating the Metaphysical Realism of Étienne Gilson.” Studia Gilsoniana 4, no. 4 (October 2015): 363–380.
  • Maritain, Jacques. A Preface to Metaphysics: Seven Lectures on Being. New York: Sheed & Ward, 1948.
  • Maritain, Jacques. Existence and the Existent. New York: Paulist Press, 2015.
  • Owens, Joseph. “Aquinas on Knowing Existence.” The Review of Metaphysics 29, no. 4 (1976): 670–690.
  • Poinsot, Iohannes. Cursus Philosophici Thomistici: Pars Prima Secundae. Munich: Constantini Bibliopolae, 1638.
  • Wippel, John F. “Maritain and Aquinas on Our Discovery of Being.” Studia Gilsoniana 3 (2014): 415–443.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
2300-0066
ISSN
2577-0314
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-47ce2160-58a0-4120-80f2-4394afef2315
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