ПРОБЛЕМИ ОРГАНІЗАЦІЇ КЛУБНОЇ РОБОТИ У ВІТЧИЗНЯНІЙПЕДАГОГІЧНІЙ ТЕОРІЇ ТА ПРАКТИЦІ (1917–1932 РР.)
Problems of Ukrainian club work in pedagogical theory and practice (1917–1932)
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The article deals with the difficult situation after revolution time when Proletcult began its work. Members of Proletcult were participants of the revolutionary moment and realized this. It is mentioned that atmosphere of this time despite the difficult situation was a period of social boom of rough cultural creativity, experiments and total enthusiasm, which was founded on deeply conscious altitude to building of new forms of life. It was investigated that during this period the system of working clubs was set up in all big cities and towns on the whole territory of Ukraine. It was discovered the problem of cultural front development perspective which in fact appeared in Proletcult at once. Proletcult received a great help from Soviet State through the Narkompros. They gave the best accommodations to create studios, theatres, clubs; lower structures supplied with teachers, etc. Local bodies of Soviet power, trade union, ordinary workers also supported Proletcult. It was emphasized that phenomenal and unique thing of proletcultural movement was impossible to imagine without learning of its practical experience. Questions of proletarian culture worried adherents of Marxism from European countries almost half a century, but only on the territory of Russian Empire after revolution in 1917 it became possible to do it practically. They made a conclusion that one of the most successful methods of proletarian cultural ideas personification became proletcultural activity. They analyzed terms, during which Proletcult could develop different activity in a big variety of organization forms with the help of wide set of methods of work. In general, the investigated period can be characterized as a good approach for theoretical-methodological bases of working clubs. The People’s Commissariat of education of Ukraine in a given period consistently emphasized the importance of the methodological framework, and contributed to providing practical and pedagogical assistance in the organization and activities of the work clubs.
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