PL EN


Journal
2009 | Świat i Słowo 2009, nr 1 (12) | 255-264
Article title

Nietolerancja jako przyzwolenie na zadawanie cierpienia

Title variants
EN
Intolerance as a consent to cause suffering of others
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
We universally admit that tolerance is a permanent value of the contemporary world because of the fact that intolerance leads to totalitarianism which is always a source of human tragedies. But intolerance is mainly the most important cause of a inhuman treating of other people who have been rejected or partly moderated in their human status. Before tortures are used, a mechanism of dehumanizing victims is universally exploited. The dehumanization is based on the strength of a natural emotional ability of distinguishing between strangers and our own group. This phenomenon is called a “infrahumanism”. The force of the mechanism for excluding is so tremendous, that a submitted group accepts its own situation. The Stanford Prison Experiment conducted in 1971 by Philip Zimbardo also reveals that a person does not have to be a psychopath to torture others. The experiment shows, that a man can become intolerant at once if he only deals with the group which can be called “the strange group”. The more the group is submitted, the more intolerant types of behaviour take on aggressive forms. An extreme instance of this is undoubtedly a willingness to inflict a physical and mental pain on somebody which means torturing others (strangers). 11
Keywords
Contributors
References
  • E. Podrez, Moralne uzasadnienie tolerancji, Wyd. ATK, Warszawa 1999.
  • Konwencja w sprawie zakazu stosowania tortur oraz innego okrutnego, nieludzkiego lub poniżającego traktowania albo karania, „Dziennik Ustaw” 1989, nr 63, poz. 378.
  • M. Bilewicz, Ile człowieka w człowieku, „Polityka” 2006, nr 23.
  • D. Sandner, Fantastic Literature: A Critical Reader, Greenwood Publishing Group,London 2004.
  • J. Perry, Tortury. Bezpieczeństwo narodowe i normy etyczne, przeł. W. Gadowski. Wyd. WAM, Kraków 2008.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
1731-3317
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-483127e0-8643-4f08-ac6a-27cef88296cd
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