ПРОФЕСІЙНА Я-КОНЦЕПЦІЯ ВЧИТЕЛЯ В РЕТРОСПЕКТИВІ ТВОРЧОЇ СПАДЩИНИ ТОМАСА ГОРДОНА (1918–2002)
The professional I-conception of a teacher in the retrospective of creative heritage of Thomas Gordon (1918–2002)
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The activity and life of Thomas Gordon, a prominent American scientist, an educator, a psychologist, the founder of the association «Gordon Training International», is studied in the article. The role of an educator as a mediator between children and the system of ideas and humanity traditions is underlined. According to Thomas Gordon’s point of view, human qualities, such as tolerance, ability to sympathize, capacity to neutralize negative behavior of the pupils, capacity to teach the pupils to solve their problems independently, should be owned by a teacher and are emphasized in the article. Significance and necessity of pedagogical profession is highlighted in the article. Great importance is attached to correct training of future teachers. The role of a teacher as a mediator between children and the system of ideas and humanity traditions is underlined. The topic of the article is conditioned by some tasks which are put before the teachers: 1) the formation of a young man who creatively and actively will affect the world, 2) the conditions that will give a person an opportunity to discover potential skills and talent. Great importance is also given to the ability of effective communication. The analysis of philosophical, psychological and pedagogical literature is fulfilled. Thanks to it the home and foreign scientists’ searches of new conditions and mechanisms of the younger generation upbringing by a teacher are confirmed. The scientists underline the teachers’ need in basic knowledge, special training and constant self-learning. The problem of a teacher’s training in aquiring special communication skills is examined by a lot of foreign teachers and researchers. However, the pedagogical heritage of Thomas Gordon (1918–2002), a prominent American scholar, educator, researcher, psychologist, creator of his own methodology, founder of «Gordon Training International» has remained unnoticed. But it’s a well-known fact that he devoted much of his time to research of the interrelations between the teachers and the students. As a prominent representative of communicative pedagogy Thomas Gordon wrote many books and articles concerning interpersonal communication about leadership, discipline, counseling, parenting, conflict resolution and democratic decision-making. The professional self-concept of a teacher in a retrospective of creative heritage of Thomas Gordon is analyzed and described. The activity of Thomas Gordon is studied. Special attention is devoted to the professional I-conception of a teacher in the retrospective of creative heritage of Thomas Gordon. The information about his life is given briefly. Today, Thomas Gordon is widely recognized thanks to his own teaching methods of effective communication and conflict resolution for parents, teachers, leaders. According to Thomas Gordon’s point of view, human qualities, such as tolerance, ability to sympathize, capacity to neutralize negative behavior of the pupils, capacity to teach the pupils to solve their problems independently, should be owned by a teacher and are emphasized in the article.
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