Puszcza Białowieska i żubr w publikacjach „Łowca Polskiego” w latach 1899—1939
Białowieża Primeval Forest and European bison in the journal “Łowiec Polski” in 1899—1939
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The article, based on a detailed query in the archival issues of the “Łowiec Polski” magazine from 1899 to 1939, shows the perception of the bison and Białowieża Primeval Forest among the authors and readers of this periodical. The founder and first editor-in-chief of the magazine was Jan Sztolcman, a naturalist best known for his crucial role in saving the European bison. Among the collaborators of the magazine were the best naturalists of that period, so the subject matter undertaken in its papers was much broader than just strictly hunting. This article discusses issues related to the Białowieża Primeval Forest and its most valuable inhabitant — European bison — presented in the journal from the perspective of nature protection, old hunting traditions, the search for the last free-living European bison in Białowieża Primeval Forest, European bison breeding in Pszczyna, international efforts to rescue European bison, monographs about the species published in the interwar period, issues of European and American bison hybridization, and finally, the return of European bison to Białowieża Primeval Forest. The journal was for the first time examined from the point of view of the history of natural sciences. Analysis of the content of the journal, often unpublished elsewhere, makes “Łowiec Polski” one of the most important sources of information about the European bison and the Białowieża Primeval Forest during this period.
Publication order reference