PL EN


2016 | 19 | 101-114
Article title

The Gate of Alexander in Hebrew Alexander Romances

Title variants
Languages of publication
EN DE IE PL FR
Abstracts
EN
However surprising it may seem, the story of the gate of Alexander in the Hebrew versions of the Romance is associated rather with certain geographical and historical facts than with the eschatological dimension and the popular association of Gog and Magog with the Unclean Nations are not a part of the narrative. This does not mean that the eschatological aspect was absent from the Jewish interpretation of the figure of Alexander. Quite the contrary: it seems a crucial part of Alexander’s role as presented especially in Hellenistic Jewish literature. But this eschatological significance of Alexander in Jewish tradition is more often suggested by Alexander’s linking with the end of prophecy or the beginning of the new universal kingship. The Unclean Nations episode is not so important in that aspect. It is rather used by the authors of the Hebrew Alexander Romances to stress the exotic and fanciful elements in the narrative, thus eliciting the curiosity of the reader, or to comment on Alexander’s decisions as a king and on political aspects of his rule.
Keywords
Year
Issue
19
Pages
101-114
Physical description
Contributors
References
  • Editions: Bergmeister H. J., 1975, Historia de Preliis Alexandri Magni (Der lateinische Alexanderroman des Mittelalters), synoptische ed. der Rezension des Leo Archipresbyter und der interpolierten Fassungen J1, J2, J3, Meisenheim.
  • Budge E. A. W., 1933, The Alexander Book in Ethiopia, London.
  • Derenbourg J., 1881, Deux Versions Hébraïques du Livre de Kalila et Dimnâh, Paris.
  • Engelmann H. (ed.), 1963, Der griechische Alexanderroman Rezension Gamma, Buch 2, Meisenhaim.
  • Epstein M., 1967, Tales of Sendebar, Mishle Sendebar, Judaica, 1st Series, Nr. 2, Philadelphia.
  • Hilka A., Steffens K. (ed.), 1979, Historia Alexandri Magni J1, Meisenheim.
  • Hilka A., Bergmeister H.-J., Grossman R. (ed.), 1976-1977, Historia Alexandri
  • Magni (Historia de Preliis): Rezension J2 (Orosius-Rezension), Meisenheim.
  • Kazis I., 1962, The Book of the Gests of Alexander of Macedon (Sefer Toledot
  • Alexandros Ha-Maḳdoni), The Medieval Academy of America, Cambridge, MA.
  • Lévi I., 1886, Sefer Toldot Alexander, Kovets Al Yad Vehu Sefer Haasif II, Berlin, pp. XIII-XIV.
  • Lévi I., 1886, Sefer Toldot Alexander, Sammelband kleiner Beiträge aus Handschriften II , Berlin; reedited as Le Roman d’Alexandre, Texte hébreu anonyme, 1887, Paris.
  • Leviant C., 2003, King Artus. A Hebrew Arthurian Romance of 1279, Syracuse University Press.
  • Parthe F. (ed.), 1968, Der griechische Alexanderroman Rezension Gamma, Buch 3, Meisenheim.
  • Pfister F., 1913, Der Alexanderroman des Archipresbyters Leo, Heidelberg.
  • Steffens K. (ed), 1975, Historia Alexandri Magni (Historia de preliis Rezension J3), Meisenheim.
  • Stoneman R., 1991, The Greek Alexander Romance, tr. and introduction by R. Stoneman, London.
  • van Bekkum V. J. (ed.), 1992, A Hebrew Alexander Romance According to Ms. London, Jews’ College np. 145, Leuven.
  • van Bekkum V. Jac. (ed.), 1994, A Hebrew Alexander Romance According to MS Heb. 671.5 Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale, Leuven.
  • van Thiel H., 1983, Leben und Taten Alexanders von Makedonien. Der griechische Alexanderroman nach der Handschrift L, Darmstadt, 2nd updated edition.
  • von Lauenstein U. (ed.), 1962, Der griechische Alexanderroman Rezension Gamma, Buch I, Meisenheim.
  • Works cited: Amitay O., 2010, From Alexander to Jesus, Berkeley.
  • Anderson A. R., 1932, Alexander’s Gate, Gog & Magog and the Inclosed Nations, Cambridge, MA.
  • Bøe S., 2001, Gog and Magog: Ezekiel 38-39 as Pre-text for Revelation 19,17-21 and 20,7-10, Tübingen.
  • Dönitz S., 2011, ‘Alexander the Great in Medieval Hebrew Tradition’, [in:] Zuwiyya, D. (ed.), A Companion to Alexander Literature in the Middle Ages, Leiden, pp. 21-40.
  • Jacobson H., 1996, A Commentary on Pseudo-Philo’s Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum, vol. 1., Leiden.
  • Roth N. (ed.), 2003, Medieval Jewish Civilization: An Encyclopedia, New York.
  • Steinschneider M., 1893, Die Hebräischen Übersetzungen des Mittelalters, Berlin.
  • Stoneman R., 2008, Alexander the Great: A Life in Legend, New Haven.
  • Stoneman R., 1991, Greek Alexander Romance, London.
  • van Bekkum W. J., 1986, ‘Alexander the Great in Medieval Hebrew Literature’, Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 49, pp. 218-226.
  • Wallis Budge E. A., 1896, The life and exploits of Alexander the Great: being a series of translations of the Ethiopic histories of Alexander by the Pseudo-Callisthenes and other writers, with introduction, etc., London.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-48d0d0f9-4ca5-4bb1-9b96-a0774228fb61
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.