Elektrowozownia Warszawa – Grochów. Zapomniany zabytek polskiej inżynierii i architektury międzywojnia
Warszawa – Grochów Electric Locomotive Shed. A Forgotten Monument of Polish Engineering and Interwar Architecture
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Warszawa-Grochów electric locomotive shed was designed by Prof. Wacław Żenczykowski and built at the Grochów station in 1938. Its purpose was to maintain the electric rolling stock of electrified Warsaw Junction Point. The building was constructed by one of the biggest Warsaw construction companies – “Trawers” Engineering-Construction Association of Haciewicz & Serwiński, Eng. It was a very modern facility, in which for the first time the thin-walled vault girders with double curvature and only 6-centimetre reinforced concrete shell were applied. It was an example of modernist architecture of the 1930s and its form, to some extent, follo-wed the design of the modern rolling stock. The electric locomotive shed has a great historic value, is one of the most treasured and valuable pieces of Polish railway architecture of the Second Polish Republic. Moreover, it is a material evidence of the development of Polish construction thought in industry and transport that reached world standards at the end of 1930s. Constructed by Prof Wacław Żenczykowski thin-walled shells of barrel roof are a unique monument of construction engineering. Its historic value lies in the role it played in interwar electrification of the first Polish State Railways lines.
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