Tytuły polskich zinów. Wstęp do badań nad onimią „trzeciego obiegu” (1978-1989) i „obiegu alternatywnego” (od 1990)
Titles of Polish zines. Introduction to an onomastic study of zines in nonofficial “tertiary” and “alterative” circulation respectively in the years 1978-1989 and since 1990
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The article is an introduction to the analysis of the titles of Polish underground and alternative press, i.e. zines produced by subcultures, artistic and political groups. At the beginning the author presents some definitions and a typology of zines: fanzines and artzines. Then, the history of Polish zines in nonofficial “tertiary” and “alternative” circulation and the history of zines in the world is discussed. The next part presents general facts about zines: the first scientific development of zines, anthologies, catalogues, dissertations, biographies. Before the presentation of the research, the author discusses onomastic methodology and troubles with it: many scholars treat an analysis of zine titles as an innovation. Then, the author shows results of the title analysis of the zines produced by anarchists, punks, ecologists, animal rights activists and vegetarians. These were divided into cathegories, based on the semantic dominants („ideology”, „tradition”, „anti-aesthetic”, „humour”). Their texts operate in similar discourses. The last part of the article is a conclusion. Other titles (artistic and polital groups, metal music fans and hooligans) are presented in the second part of the article.
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