Vrchnostenský plátenický mandl v Koloredově a zájmy místeckých měšťanů (1766–1854)
SEIGNEURIAL LINEN MANGLE AT KOLOREDOV AND THE INTERESTS OF THE MÍSTEK BURGHERS (1766–1854)
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The paper is based on the archive of the Central Directorate of the Archbishops’ Estates, where one finds position papers concerning land parcelling, leasing of processing facilities (mangles, fulling machines, bleaching works), catering and other facilities (such as Jewish restaurants). Proto-industrial textile production reigned supreme in Frýdek-Místek region by the end of the 18th century, but it was precisely because of this that a mangle in a new village was up against fierce competition. A fight broke out among the lessees of this originally ‘monopoly’ machine to counter efforts to set up a competitive facility right in the town of Místek, to beat off the competition on the Silesian side of the border, and to alleviate government pressures aiming to remove various barriers to doing business. The relationship between the town and the country is manifested on several levels: head-tohead competition, mutual dependence and necessary coexistence, because only people in the town were wealthy enough to lease emphyteutically the seigneurial operations, and there were thriving markets that attracted traders from afar.
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