Syntax naratív detí predškolského veku
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The study focuses on the development of syntactic structures in narratives of 3–6 years old Slovak children. The aim of the research is to describe not only various ways of creation of logical‑semantic relations when telling a story but also the succession in acquisition of linear structural‑combinatory rules necessary for a narrative construction. We have concentrated on two questions: (a) How does the syntactic structure of narratives change according to the age of a child?; (b) Is the syntactic structure of narratives determined by the story itself? If yes, to what extent? The research sample consists of 162 transcriptions of narratives (30 girls and 24 boys). Each child has produced three different narratives according to the series of pictures. The research methodology is based on the CDI III project (Communicative Development Inventories — Narrative project). Three tendencies have been observed in the development of syntactic structures: (a) decline of syntactic structures (in reference to single‑word and multi‑word nominal utterances and utterances with an isolated predicate); (b) fixation of simple sentence which represent a stable and dominant structure in all the analysed age; (c) development of syntactic structures (compound and complex sentences). Each syntactic structure develops a structural component of a narrative. The linguistic research of children’s narratives is motivated by the need to create a diagnostic tool for the evaluation of children’s narrative abilities in logopaedic practice.
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