Speech-act adverbs in English and Polish: a cross-linguistic and cross-cultural comparison
Languages of publication
Speech-act adverbs constitute one of the categories of epistemic expressions. There is considerabl terminological confusion regarding epistemic adverbs, speech-act adverbs included. The present study uses the classiﬁcation proposed by Simon-Vandenbergen and Aijmer (2007), who deﬁne speech-act adverbs as those which refer to speech acts which could potentially be used to support the speaker’s opinion or raise voices against his/her point of view, e.g. admittedly, arguably, indisputably, unarguably, unquestionably, undeniably. The aim of this study is to identify Polish equivalents of such adverbs, and analyze the cross-cultural signiﬁcance of the diﬀerences between the ranges and uses of speech-act adverbs in the two languages.
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