PL EN


2015 | XIII | 4 | 45-56
Article title

Szczególne obowiązki nauczyciela religii w świetle wyroku Europejskiego Trybunału Praw Człowieka Fernández Martinez v. Hiszpania

Authors
Title variants
EN
Particular duties of a teacher of religion in the light of the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights in the case Fernández Martinez v. Spain.
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The case analyzed by the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights on 12th of June, 2014 pertains to a Catholic priest, a teacher of religion. Due to his shocking, and even “outrageous” behavior (civil marriage, from which five children were born; the publication of an article on the “Movement for Optional Celibacy” for priests; statements regarding Catholic celibacy and democracy; views regarding the issue of abortion and family planning inconsistent with the doctrine of the Catholic Church), the diocesan bishop, on the basis of papal rescript, deprived him of the right to teach the Catholic religion in a public school. Judgment of the Court, by a narrow majority (9: 8), found the bishop’s interference justified. To support its claim, the Grand Chamber pointed to the autonomy of religious communities in nomination or removal of teachers of religion in accordance with specific qualifications, arising from their internal law and due to its internal needs. Therefore, religious education teachers have a special duty to increased loyalty to the religious association that employs them. The Judgment of the European Court of Human Rights Fernández Martínez v. Spain is applied under provisions of Polish law. The appointment and removal of teachers of religion involves the obligatory possession of their canonical mission (missio canonica). The canonical mission is a written referral, issued by a competent, appropriate authority of the religious association (in the case of the Catholic Church it is the appropriate diocesan bishop; in the case of other religious associations, it is the competent authority of those religious associations) to assume the responsibilities of a teacher of religion in a particular school (kindergarten) (see. § 5. 1 of the Regulation of the Minister of National Education of 14 April 1992 – on conditions and ways of organizing the religious education in public kindergartens and schools). Hence, the canonical mission on the one hand, it is a mandate of trust for religious teacher (catechist) and on the other hand, it is a guarantee of fidelity to the doctrine of the catechist religious association.
Year
Volume
Issue
4
Pages
45-56
Physical description
Contributors
  • Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II. Wydział Prawa, Prawa Kanonicznego i Administracji, michas_cz@wp.pl
References
  • Maćkowski A., Misja kanoniczna dla nauczycieli religii, [w:] Ochrona funkcji wychowawczej rodziny, red. J. Krukowski, A. Maćkowski, Szczecin 2007.
  • Mezglewski A., Misja kanoniczna, [w:] Leksykon teologii pastoralnej, red. R. Kamiński, W. Przygoda, M. Fjałkowski, Lublin 2006.
  • Mezglewski A., Nauczanie religii w publicznych przedszkolach i szkołach, [w:] A. Mezglewski, H. Misztal, P. Stanisz, Prawo wyznaniowe, Warszawa 2011.
  • Mezglewski A, Polski model edukacji religijnej w szkołach publicznych. Aspekty prawne, Lublin 2009.
  • Nowicki M.A., Fernández Martínez v. Hiszpania – wyrok ETPC z dnia 15 maja 2012 r., skarga nr 56030/07, [w:] Europejski Trybunał Praw Człowieka. Wybór orzeczeń 2012, oprac. M.A. Nowicki, LEX/el., 2013; http://lex.online.wolterskluwer.pl/WKPLOnline/index.rpc?#content.rpc--ASK--nro=118605159&wersja=-1&reqId=1445698408508_1035384114&class=CONTENT&dataOceny=2015-10-24&tknDATA=30%252C35%252C58%252C59%252C6%252C71%252C73%252C9%252C1445570605&loc=4&full=1&hId=5 (30.05.2015).
  • Nowicki M.A., Fernández Martínez v. Hiszpania – wyrok ETPC z dnia 2 czerwca 2014 r., skarga nr 56030/07, [w:] Europejski Trybunał Praw Człowieka. Wybór orzeczeń 2014, oprac. M.A. Nowicki, LEX/el., 2015, http://lex.online.wolterskluwer.pl/WKPLOnline/index.rpc#hiperlinkText. rpc?hiperlink=type=tresc:nro=Publikacja.240323&full=1 (30.05.2015).
  • Ordo Iuris, ETPCz potwierdza autonomię Kościoła w zakresie nauczania religii, http://www.ordoiuris.pl/etpcz-potwierdza-autonomie-kosciola-w-zakresie-nauczania-religii,3411,i.html (12.03.2015).
  • Rodak B., Glosa do wyroku ETPC z dnia 12 czerwca 2014 r., 56030/07, http://lex.online.wolterskluwer.pl/WKPLOnline/index.rpc#hiperlinkText.rpc?hiperlink=type=tresc:nro=Publikacja.208929&full=1 (30.05.2015).
  • Warecka K., Omówienie wyroku Fernández Martínez v. Hiszpania – wyrok ETPC z dnia 12 czerwca 2014 r., skarga nr 56030/07, http://lex.online.wolterskluwer.pl/WKPLOnline/index.rpc#hiperlinkText.rpc?hiperlink=type=tresc:nro=Publikacja.200074&full=1 (30.05.2015).
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-498de5ee-d923-43b0-84b3-ebc73a97521f
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