Ekwiwalencja przekładu wyrażeń opisujących chód w opowiadaniu G. K. Chestertona The Queer Feet
Equivalence in translating ways of walking in G. K. Chesterton’s story The Queer Feet
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Equivalence in translation theory understood in its wide sense seems to be a very imprecise category given the assumptions that in literary translation the target text is to be equivalent to its source text at all its levels. Some types of equivalence are easily evaluated, especially lexical or syntactic equivalence. Using the tools applied in contrastive grammar one can quite objectively point to syntactic equivalence or its lack. Quantitative research or comparison of semantic fields of particular words used in a given text and its translation as equivalents allow the possibility of a multi-layered analysis of lexical equivalence. However, in literary translation terminological precision and maintaining one-to-one lexical equivalence is of secondary importance to achieving a similar aesthetic effect. There is a tendency in literary translation to apply clarification, which is often associated with expansion. The analysis of selected expressions describing ways of walking which appear in a detective story The Queer Feet written by G.K. Chesterton provides ample examples of the way these deforming tendencies function in translation and influence equivalence. Systemic differences between languages make aesthetic-stylistic equivalence difficult to achieve without disturbing lexical equivalence or destroying the frequency of appearance of particular lexemes. It is also quite difficult to analyze aesthetic-lexical equivalence since it is unproblematic to point to the lost stylistic effects, yet it is more difficult to evaluate which elements of the target text might function as compensation for the losses. The number of linguistic and extra-linguistic factors in evaluating aesthetic-stylistic equivalence is vast, which makes it a challenging category to evaluate objectively in a scientific way.
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