Potencjały i bariery urzeczywistniania deliberacji w polskich warunkach kulturowych
POTENTIALS AND OBSTACLES FOR IMPLEMENTING DELIBERATIVE DEBATES ON POLISH CULTURAL VALUES
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The article discusses the question of whether in Poland a deliberative debate could become a procedure for seeking agreement between groups of people with substantially different social orientations and worldviews. The problem is analyzed in the light of Polish cultural values. The normative assumptions of the deliberative debate model (as presented by Gutmann and Thompson) are confronted with the empirical data from the cross-cultural project GLOBE, the international research of Shalom Schwartz, an analysis of the Polish cultural background, and some sociological research on the convictions and values of contemporary Polish society. The review of this research indicates that there could still be cultural obstacles, in the form of the existing hierarchic social organization, high indicators of authoritarianism, and low indexes of social trust, to implementing the deliberative ideal. But on the other hand, some potential is present as well, including widely accepted cultural assumptions of gender equality and a humanistic orientation (as opposed to materialism). The conclusion of the article states that initiating the deliberative approach to a controversy is a difficult task. It requires institutional support, external reinforcement, and skilful facilitation during the discussion. Such efforts seem to be worth undertaking as research into social psychology appears to indicate that there may be mechanisms for popularizing new ideas in broader social spheres.
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