РОЛЬ МУЗИЧНОГО ВИХОВАННЯ В РАННІЙ СОЦІАЛІЗАЦІЇ ДІТЕЙ ІЗ ПОРУШЕННЯМИ ЗОРУ
The role of music education in the early socialization of children with visual impairments.
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In the article the problem of correction and compensatory value of music education in the development of auditory perception, formation and development of musical images, speech and motivation to communicate, musical and rhythmic movements of children with low and deep visual impairment in infancy and early school age is revealed. It is found out that insufficient use of remedial developmental and educational opportunities for musical art hinder the process of “entering” the child in society, to adapt to new conditions of life. Blindness as a primary defect in the first months of a child born blind causes secondary developmental disorders lead to less activity and mobility, the late allocation of certain specific stimuli of vital importance to the child objects and phenomena of the world. Musical art has an inexhaustible potential of the educational and correctional impact on the child’s personality, contributes to the development of the analyzer systems for multimodal basis, which is the main condition for the development of compensatory mechanisms in a child with visual impairment affects the occurrence of a child into the world of social relations, providing further its social activity. The author proves the expediency of the use of different types of musical activities during music classes with children with visual impairment aged from 0 to 3 years which include: hearing-perception of environmental sounds and music (nature sounds, musical instruments, human voices, household noise, music in live performance, quietness, nursery rhymes, jokes, children’s songs, musical fairy tales and others), singing, games and onomatopoeia voice, articulation exercises, musical-plastic movement, musical movement and finger games. The systematic implementation of these kinds of musical activity would greatly neutralize the negative impact of the primary defect, facilitate and accelerate the process of compensatory adaptations that will further reduce the degree of handicap children of studied category.
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