Błędy wychowawcze popełniane przez rodziców a rozwój kompetencji emocjonalnych dzieci w wieku wczesnoszkolnym
Parents’ educational mistakes and the emotional competences’ development in children of early school age
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The aim of the study was to verify whether there is a relation between parents mistakes, such as aggression, rigor, constraining the activity of the child, indifference, parent’s self-accentuation, pandering to the child, doing things for the child, the idealization of the child, inconsistency towards the child and the development of emotional competencies of early school-aged children. Parental mistake is defined as parental behavior, which may have negative effect on child development. Emotional competence is a child’s ability to manage emotions so that they are relevant to a situation. The study involved 80 parents and 80 children aged 6 to 10 years old. Parents completed a questionnaire on the mistakes committed by them. Children also assessed the severity of the parental mistakes. Teachers evaluated the children’s level of emotional competence. The analyzes were performed using three algorithms of artificial intelligence: a) k-mean cluster analysis, b) artificial neural networks, and c) algorithm Classification & Regression Tree (C&RT), which linked the levels of child’s emotional competence with the severity of parental mistakes. Th results reveal that low severity of mistakes: aggression, rigor, constraining the activity of the child, indifference, parent’s self-accentuation, and the idealization of the child is associated with higher levels of emotional competence of children. There are some inconsistencies in the results, which relate to mistakes of pandering to the child, doing things for the child and mistake of inconsistency.
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