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2019 | 28 | 359-382
Article title

THE IMPACT OF THE 1936-1938 GREAT PURGE ON THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL’S WORK: HISTORIOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS

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UK
ВПЛИВ ВЕЛИКОГО ТЕРОРУ 1936-1938 РОКІВ НА ДІЯЛЬНІСТЬ ІІІ ІНТЕРНАЦІОНАЛУ: ІСТОРІОГРАФІЯ ПРОБЛЕМИ
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UK
Abstracts
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The article analyzes scientific investigations of foreign and domestic researchers devoted to the causes, origins, ways and means of the Great Terror realization in the USSR (1936-1938), its influence on the activities of the Third International and the subsequent destiny of its leaders. Particular attention is paid to the role of the NKVD leadership and J. Stalin personally in the process. In the context of the problem of repression and the Great Terror, complex scientific researches are considered. It also examines the mechanisms and means of realization of terror and repression, especially on the territory of the USSR, against political opponents of J. Stalin, national minorities, functionaries of the central apparatus of the III International, national sections. Considerable attention is paid to the analysis of the Soviet archives published in the first half of the 1990s and the documents (that declassified in 2015) of the Sectoral Archive of the Security Service of Ukraine that help to rethink the phenomenon of the Great Terror. Analyzing the scientific investigations about repression at the Comintern, it was concluded that, according to the researchers, it is advisable to consider the III International both the agent, the instrument and the victim of terror. That is given the simultaneous dependence of repression in the USSR and the Comintern on J. Stalin, the Politburo, the Central Bureau,) and the NKVD, which ultimately resulted into horrific consequences for both the Soviet Union and the Third International. An attempt was made to summarize the views of the problem researchers, to identify their shared visions and the most debatable questions about the problem studied.
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References
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