ПРОБЛЕМА РЕСОЦІАЛІЗАЦІЇ В ПЕНІТЕНЦІАРІЇ ТА ЗМІСТІ МАГІСТЕРСЬКОЇ ПІДГОТОВКИ СОЦІАЛЬНИХ ПЕДАГОГІВ
The problem of resocialization in the penitentiary and the content of the master training of social pedagogues
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The paper describes the problem of future social pedagogues’ training to implementing the system of work aimed at ensuring the non-conflicting return of the people released from prison and provide them with appropriate assistance. The author analyzes the factors that complicate the return to normal life of the released people, including: 1) forced social isolation (defines the weakening of family ties, the cessation of traditional social roles, reducing activity and limiting sensory and mental stimulation, removes the individual from the community of people, deprives him of meaningful social interaction and physical contact, that is a prerequisite for the realization of the individual self, which is formed and maintained through social interactions); 2) the authoritarian regime of the penitentiary institutions (contributes to the formation of passive behavior, low readiness for change perception, loss of ability to take independent decisions in matters of life, employment, acquisition and rational use of material resources); 3) informal laws of prison community (cause tension of prisoners, feelings of self-doubt, isolation, state of «loneliness in conditions of group isolation», internal discomfort, transfer such character of relationships to a free life, cultivation of criminal subculture and asocial experience); 4) awareness of crime (under the condition of repentance or non-repentance, aggravate the personal destruct). The materials of the article have identified the importance of understanding of the deformation changes in the consciousness of the prisoners in the professional growth of future social pedagogues. The opportunities of reflection of these causal links in the content of the discipline «Social work in the penitentiary system of Ukraine» and the implementation of the main provisions into the university educational process are considered. The system of mastering of socio-pedagogical technologies of work with prisoners, convicts, released offenders in the content of master’s training coming out of these objective and subjective factors and in accordance with the stages of re-socialization of convicts (before-penitentiary, penitentiary, post-penitentiary) are proposed, namely prevention of crime, social-pedagogical work with prisoners, newly arrived convicts, convicts, social-psychological preparation of prisoners for release, social-pedagogical support of prisoners after release from prison. The analysis allows to assert the need for raising awareness and implementation in social work with existing or former prisoners and work on crime prevention problems caused by crime, the new social status, the image changed life. Under these conditions an effective basis for selection of appropriate social and educational technology is created.
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