PL EN


2007 | 1(1) | 79-94
Article title

Forma oraz identyfikacja klastrów w fazie embrionalnej. Przykład klastra technologii podwodnych w regionie północno-wschodniej Anglii

Content
Title variants
EN
Clusters Formation and Identification in the Embryo Stage on the Example of the Subsea Technologies Cluster in the North-Eastern England Region
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
PL
Upadek przemysłu ciężkiego najczęściej jest kojarzony z negatywnymi skutkami społeczno-gospodarczymi. Jednakże upadek tradycyjnych gałęzi gospodarki może wyzwolić szereg pozytywnych procesów związanych z innowacyjnością oraz prowadzących do powstania nowych, zaawansowanych technologicznie, klastrów. Niniejszy artykuł przedstawia narodziny oraz ewolucję nowego, technologicznie zaawansowanego, klastra technologii podwodnych (subsea technologies) związanych z upadkiem przemysłu ciężkiego w regionie północno-wschodniej Anglii. Przykład ten ilustruje kilka ważnych kwestii. Po pierwsze, „pozytywną” rolę upadku przemysłu ciężkiego w procesie formowania nowego sektora, po drugie zróżnicowaną dynamikę rozwoju klastra oraz po trzecie, problemy związane z identyfikacją i rozwojem klastrów embrionalnych, podkreślając zwłaszcza rolę polityki publicznej w procesie wspierania ich rozwoju. Przykład klastra technologii podwodnych przeanalizowany został z perspektywy teorii kompleksowości oraz koewolucji, z naciskiem na procesy egzaptacji oraz rekombinacji.
EN
This paper examines the emergence of the subsea technologies cluster that followed the collapse of the previously dominating industries of shipbuilding and heavy engineering in the North East of England. By reconstructing the events that lead to emergence of the subsea technologies cluster, we decoupled and analyzed three main development trajectories. The case study is then interpreted using concepts rooted in complexity theory and co-evolutionary frameworks. In particular, we show that recombinant and non-adaptive (exaptational) processes constitute powerful theoretical frameworks to understand the social and technical dynamics related to the emergence of new clusters from the ashes of the collapsed ones. Based on the lessons learnt from the subsea case study, we draw some general conclusions for policies aimed to support embryonic clusters and propose a framework for the identification embryonic cluster in the context of industrial demise.
Contributors
  • Durham Business School
  • Durham Business School
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-4b172978-d8e4-437f-9afa-304c6659d505
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