PL EN


2009 | 33 | 91-104
Article title

The influence of the dark /ɫ/ on the F1 and F2 of the preceding vowel in American English

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The paper investigates the influence of the coda dark [ɫ] on the formant structure of the preceding vowel in American English. The lateral seems to exert a velarizing effect which is expressed as the shift in the values of F1 and F2. In the case of F1, the direction of the shift depends on its original value, whereas for F2, it is always the same, but its actual extent depends on the vowel. For the two pairs of monopthongs: [ɑː] - [ʌ] and [uː] - [ʊ], the velarization results in the loss of phonemic contrast.
Keywords
Contributors
  • John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin Poland
References
  • Baayen, R.H. (n.d.). Analyzing linguistic data: a practical introduction to statistics. Downloaded on 2nd November 2009 from www.ualberta.ca/~baayen/publications/baayenCUPstats.pdf
  • Boersma, P. and Weenink, D. (2009). Praat 5.1.04: Doing phonetics by computer. Downloaded on 1st May 2009 from http://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/
  • Clark, J. and Yallop, C. (1990). An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology. Cambridge: Basil Blackwell.
  • Clegg, F. (1994). Po prostu statystyka. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Szkolne i Pedagogiczne.
  • Cox, F. and Palethorpe, S. (2003). The Border Effect: Vowel Differences across the NSW - Victorian Border. In Moskovsky, C.(ed.) Proceedings of the 2003 Conference of the Australian Linguistic Society, 1-14.
  • Davenport, M. and Hannahs, S.J. (1998). Introducing Phonetics and Phonology. London: Arnold.
  • Gimson, A.C. (2001) (Sixth Edition, revised by A. Cruttenden). Gimson's Pronunciation of English. London: Arnold.
  • Hayward, K. (2000). Experimental Phonetics. Harlow: Longman.
  • Jassem, W. (1973). Podstawy fonetyki akustycznej. Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwa Naukowe.
  • Jassem, W. (1983). The Phonology of Modern English. Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwa Naukowe.
  • Juszczyk, S. (2004). Statystyka dla pedagogów. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek.
  • Ladefoged, P. (1975). A Course in Phonetics. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.
  • Ladefoged, P. (1962). Elements of Acoustic Phonetics. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Laver, J. (1994). Principles of Phonetics. Cambridge: CUP.
  • Peterson, G.E. and Barney, H.L. (1952). Control methods used in a study of the vowels. In Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. Vol.24, 175-84.
  • Recasens, D. and Espinosa, A. (2005). Articulatory, positional and coarticulatory characteristics for clear /l/ and dark /l/: evidence from two Catalan dialects. In Journal of the International Phonetic Association. Vol.35, No 1, 1-25.
  • Recasens, D., Fontdevila J., Pallares.M.D. (1995). Velarization degree and coarticulatory resistance for /l/ in Catalan and German. In Journal of Phonetics. Vol. 23, No 1-2, 37-52.
  • Recasens D., Fontdevila J., Pallares.M.D. (1996). Linguopalatal coarticulation and alveolar-palatal correlations for velarized and non-velarized /l/. In Journal of Phonetics. Vol. 24, No 1, 165-185.
  • Stevens, K.N. (1998) Acoustic Phonetics. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press.
  • Van Buuren, L. (2005). Postura: clear and dark consonants, etcetera. In Lewis, W. (ed.), Studies in General and English Phonetics: Essays in Honour of Professor J.D.O'Conor. New York: Routledge, 134-142.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-4b74838d-80bd-49d0-82fe-6f89ae72959f
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.