PL EN


2018 | 1(16) | 7-25 (19)
Article title

INICJATYWA PASA I SZLAKU JAKO INSTRUMENT WZMOCNIENIA BEZPIECZEŃSTWA ENERGETYCZNEGO ChRL BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR STRENGTHENING ENERGY SECURITY OF THE PRC

Content
Title variants
EN
BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR STRENGTHENING ENERGY SECURITY OF THE PRC
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The rapid growth of the Chinese economy that started in December 1978 resulted in the equally fast growth of energy consumption. As a result of this process China became the biggest producer and consumer of energy in the world. However, since 1991 the level of energy production fell behind the level of energy consumption; consequently, China became a net importer of energy. The disproportion between production and consumption grew significantly bigger over time, becoming a threat to further economic development. China became more and more dependent on external factors, such as the so-called Malacca Dilemma. Now, more than ever before, China needs to work on finding a way to ensure its energy security. It needs to focus its action on diversifying both its energy structure and sources of energy imports. This paper aims to examine how the Belt and Road Initiative, announced in 2013, can strengthen Chinese energy security. For this purpose, the author will present three selected cases related to Belt and Road Initiative: the issue of resolving the Mallaca Dilemma, the promotion of green technology, and the promotion of development of Chinese Western Regions, which in turn might result in further increases in the level of energy consumption.
Year
Issue
Pages
7-25 (19)
Physical description
Contributors
  • Wydział Nauk Politycznych i Studiów Międzynarodowych, Uniwersytet Warszawski, ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 26/28, 00-927 Warszawa, l.swietnicki@gmail.com
References
  • Borkowski P.J., Zamęcki Ł. 2011, Relacje Unia Europejska – Chińska Republika Ludowa. Uwarunkowania wewnętrzne i międzynarodowe, Oficyna Wydawnicza ASPRA-JR.
  • British Petroleum Company 2017, BP Statistical Review of World Energy, https://www.bp.com/content/dam/bp/en/corporate/pdf/energy-economics/statistical-review-2017/bp-statistical-review-of-world-energy-2017-full-report.pdf (14.06.2017).
  • Chen Shaofeng 2010, China’s Self-Extrication from „Malacca Dilemma” and Implications, International Journal of China Studies, vol. 1, no. 1.
  • Department of Climate Change of the People’s Republic of China 2015, Enhanced Actions on Climate Change: China’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, http://www4.unfccc.int/Submissions/INDC/Published%20Documents/China/1/China's%20INDC%20-%20on%2030%20June%202015.pdf (12.06.2017).
  • He Fan i Qin Donghai 2006, China’s Strategy in the Twenty-first Century, „China & World Economy” 14(2)
  • Jäger-Waldau A. 2016, PV Status Report 2016, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/bitstream/JRC103426/ldna28159enn.pdf (12.06.2017).
  • Kissinger H., 2014, O Chinach, Wydawnictwo Czarne.
  • Li Jinlei 2014, 28 czerwca, baogao: sichou zhi lu jing ji dai ke fen san bu zou; yu ji 2049 nian chu bu jiancheng [Raport: Pas Gospodarczy Jedwabnego Szlaku może być podzielony na trzy etapy; Ukończenie wstępnie szacowane na rok 2049], Zhongguo Xinwenshe, http://finance.chinanews.com/cj/2014/06-28/6329827.shtml (12.06.2017).
  • National Bureau of Statistics of China 2016, China Statistical Yearbook 2016, http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2016/indexeh.htm (12.06.2017).
  • National Development and Reform Commission of the People’s Republic of China 2015, Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, http://en.ndrc.gov.cn/newsrelease/201503/t20150330_669367.html (12.06.2017).
  • PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency 2016, Trends in global CO2 emissions: 2016 Report, http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/news_docs/jrc-2016-trends-inglobal-co2-emissions-2016-report-103425.pdf (12.06.2017).
  • Pop I.I. 2016, Strenghts and Challanges of China's “One belt, One Road” Initiative, Centre for Geopolitics & Security in Realism Studies, http://www.cgsrs.org/files/files/publications_46.pdf (12.06.2017).
  • U.S. Energy Information Administration 2015, China: International Data and Analysis, https://www.eia.gov/beta/international/analysis_includes/countries_long/China/china.pdf (12.06.2017).
  • Vangeli A. 2015, China’s New Silk Road and its impact on Sino-European relations, “EU-China Observer”, vol. 1.15, Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies Vision and Actions on Jointly Building.
  • Wang Yiwei 2016, Inicjatywa „Jeden Pas i Jedna Droga”. Co rozwój Chin oznacza dla świata, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek
  • Zheng Yongnian i Chen Minjia 2007, China's Regional Disparity and Its Responses, Briefing Series – Issue 25, Nottingham China Policy Institute, https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/cpi/documents/briefings/briefing-25-china-regional-disparity.pdf (12.06.2017).
  • Zhong Yu 2016, The Importance of the Malacca Dilemma in the Belt and Road Initiative, „Journal of Policy Science” 10.
  • Zweig D. 2016, Modeling „resource diplomacy” under hegemony. The triangular nature of Sino-US energy relations [w:] Sino-U.S. Energy Triangles: Resource Diplomacy Under Hegemony, Zweig D., Hao Yufan (red.), Routledge.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-4b75053a-4cf3-41d1-88a5-e49da325375d
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.