2012 | XIV/2 | 259-273
Article title

Testament naukowy Jurija Łotmana

Title variants
Yuri Lotman’s Scientific Testament
Languages of publication
Yuri Lotman started his research activity in the field of literary theory (widely: theory of culture) as orthodox structuralist at the beginning of the 1970s. The concept of structure has been based on the structural linguistic theories and adopted to develop research on literary works as well as “cultural texts”. The last ones concern the perception of structure not only in terms of the “level of expression”, but also the “level of content” that can be analysed with the use of peculiar procedures. The strict procedures rely on distinguishing the set of “binary oppositions” in the “structure of content” to illustrate the author’s perception of reality and his “model of the world”. Lotman was convinced that ideological and artistic structures are immersed in history. They have a dynamic nature (likewise the culture which was seen as the complicated “semiosphere” with its processes, predictable or unpredictable as well as the innovative “explosion” mechanisms). Therefore, Lotman in his later years moves away from cultural self-models based on “binary oppositions” to “ternary” system. In spite of the evident evolution of his concepts Lotman was always devoted to the doctrine of knowledge and never left the humanistic ideals using them for research purposes. The scientific models and sources of inspiration could be changeable, but pathos and scientific rationality never left him. His structuralism was at its peak with possibility of evolution, infinitely flexible, individual, accidental, unpredictable or even “explosive”, but never was the betrayal of previous ideals.
Physical description
  • Uniwersytet Gdański
  • Balcerzan E., Śmiech pokoleń – płacz pokoleń, Kraków 1997.
  • Faryno J., Введение в литературоведение. Wstęp do literaturoznawstwa, wyd. 2, poszerzone i zmienione, Warszawa 1991.
  • Kurcz I., Psycholingwistyka, Warszawa 1976.
  • Łotman J., Z. Minc, Literatura i mitologia, w: Sztuka w świecie znaków, oprac. B. Żyłko, Gdańsk 2002.
  • Łotman J., Parę słów wstępu, w: Semiotyka dziejów Rosji, wybór i tłum. B. Żyłko, Łódź 1993.
  • Łotman J., Struktura tekstu artystycznego, tłum. A. Tanalska, Warszawa 1984.
  • Егоров Б., Структурные антиномии (бинариусы) и триады в творчестве Достоевского в свете таких структур у Ю. Лотмана, Русская литература 2011, nr 1.
  • Егоров Б., Три последние книги Ю.М. Лотмана как трилогия-завещание, w: Ю. Лотман, Непредсказуемые механизмы культуры, Таллинн 2010.
  • Иванов B.B., Бинарные cтруктуры в семиотических системах, w: Системные исследования. Ежегодник 1972, Mocква 1972.
  • Лотман Ю., Асимметрия и диалог, Труды по знаковым системам 16, Тарту 1983, Анализ поэтического текста, Ленинград 1972.
  • Лотман Ю., Асимметрия и диалог, Труды по знаковым системам 16, Тарту 1983.
  • Лотман Ю., Искусствознание и „точные методы” в современных зарубежных исследованиях, w: Cемиотика и искусствoметрия, ред. Ю. Лотман, Mocква 1972.
  • Лотман Ю., Литературоведение должно быть наукой, Вопроcы литературы 1967, nr 1.
  • Лотман Ю., Лекции по структуральной поэтике, Тарту 1964.
  • Николаева Т.М., Введение, w: Из работ московского семиотического круга, cоставление и вступительная статья Т.М. Николаевой, Mocква 1997.
  • Toпоров B.Н., Модель мира, w: idem, Мирoвое дерево. Универсальные знаковые комплексы, Mocква 2010, t. 2.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.